Encyclopedia of Bioastronautics

Living Edition
| Editors: Laurence R. Young, Jeffrey P. Sutton

Spaceflight Analogs: An Overview

  • Rupert GerzerEmail author
  • Ronita L. Cromwell
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10152-1_111-1



An overview of spaceflight analogs for bioastronautics concerns itself with terrestrial space life sciences platforms. A “terrestrial space life sciences platform” is defined here as any facility, technology, or method that allows for simulation of certain aspects of the spaceflight environment.

Detailed Description


Real space life sciences research opportunities using manned or unmanned platforms such as the International Space Station are very limited. Therefore, it is essential to use terrestrial platforms which can simulate certain aspects of the space environment like altered gravity, radiation, harsh environmental conditions in space or habitation in remote areas. A multitude of such terrestrial platforms exist all over the world. Here, the basic principles used by these platforms are explained and some examples for such platforms are given.

Platforms for Simulation of Space Missions


This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Navasiolava NM, Custaud MA, Tomilovskaya ES, Larina IM, Mano T, Gauquelin-Koch G, Gharib C, Kozlovskaya IB (2011) Long-term dry immersion: review and prospects. Eur J Appl Physiol 111:1235–1260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Palinkas LA, Gunderson EK, Holland AW, Miller C, Johnson JC (2000) Predictors of behavior and performance in extreme environments: the Antarctic space analogue program. Aviat Space Environ Med 71(6):619–625Google Scholar
  3. Stuster J (1998) Human and team performance in extreme environments: Antarctica. Hum Perform Extreme Environ 3(1):117–120Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Space CenterSkolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.NASA Human Research ProgramUniversities Space Research AssociationHoustonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Inessa Kozlovskaya
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sensory Motor Physiology and CountermeasuresInstitute of Biomedical Problems of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia