Spaceflight Analogs: An Overview
An overview of spaceflight analogs for bioastronautics concerns itself with terrestrial space life sciences platforms. A “terrestrial space life sciences platform” is defined here as any facility, technology, or method that allows for simulation of certain aspects of the spaceflight environment.
Real space life sciences research opportunities using manned or unmanned platforms such as the International Space Station are very limited. Therefore, it is essential to use terrestrial platforms which can simulate certain aspects of the space environment like altered gravity, radiation, harsh environmental conditions in space or habitation in remote areas. A multitude of such terrestrial platforms exist all over the world. Here, the basic principles used by these platforms are explained and some examples for such platforms are given.
Platforms for Simulation of Space Missions
- Lunar Palace 1 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuegong-1
- MARS 500 http://mars500.imbp.ru
- Palinkas LA, Gunderson EK, Holland AW, Miller C, Johnson JC (2000) Predictors of behavior and performance in extreme environments: the Antarctic space analogue program. Aviat Space Environ Med 71(6):619–625Google Scholar
- Stuster J (1998) Human and team performance in extreme environments: Antarctica. Hum Perform Extreme Environ 3(1):117–120Google Scholar
- Terrestrial analogs https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrestrial_Analogue_Sites