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NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations (NEEMO): Fields of Life Support Research

  • Jamie GuinedEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

To prepare astronauts for the extreme environment of space, NASA uses analog environments on Earth to simulate many of the challenges they will encounter during life off-planet. One of the most extreme environments known to mankind is the ocean. NEEMO, an acronym for NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations, is an analog space exploration training program used to prepare astronauts, scientists, engineers, and a variety of mission support personnel for long-duration space flight missions. The NEEMO missions are conducted at Aquarius Reef Base, the world’s only operational undersea laboratory, located 3.5 miles off the coast of Key Largo, Florida, on the Conch Reef at a depth of roughly 62 ft. NASA, an acronym for National Aeronautics and Space Agency, implemented the NEEMO program in 2001 and, as of 2015, has conducted 20 space analog missions ranging in duration from 7 to 18 days. The NEEMO program has provided NASA with a realistic, extreme environment that has been used to develop tools and protocols for use in space flight, to conduct space life science and engineering research, and to perform hardware evaluations on candidate space flight hardware and systems.

Keywords

Ambient pressure Analog Aquarius Reef Base Autonomous Biomedical monitoring Decompression sickness Exercise countermeasures Exploration class Extravehicular activity (EVA) Habitat Habitability Human performance In-suit Doppler Life support buoy Low Earth Orbit (LEO) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations (NEEMO) National Underwater Research Center (NURC) Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (NBL) Operational readiness Physiology Pressure vessel Remote medicine Telemedicine Ultrasound 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SeaSpace Exploration & Research Society IncHoustonUSA

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