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Water Recovery and Waste Processing

  • Keith D. CrookerEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Water is a ubiquitous resource for human survival, and maintaining a viable water supply for a long-term human presence in space will require life support systems that make use of all organic waste constituents within a habitat or spacecraft. Bioregenerative Life Support Systems (BLSS) coupled with current space-capable wastewater processing and potable water treatment equipment leverages the best possible combination of technologies to achieve near 100% closure of life support architectures. By balancing microbial and plant communities with biotic and abiotic components of the closed environment, BLSS makes use of nearly all wastewater effluent sources by efficiently converting organic matter into nutrients for edible plant mass and subsequent human consumption. Explored are recent experiments and ongoing efforts to better define the detailed components of BLSS, along with a summary of current technologies deployed for waste collection, processing, treatment, and storage in the space environment.

Keywords

Bioregenerative Life Support Systems Long-duration life support Spaceflight water recovery Wastewater processing Closed-loop space habitat Water mass balance Direct potable reuse 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Math, Physical & Life Sciences, WorldwideEmbry-Riddle Aeronautical UniversityDaytona BeachUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roberto Furfaro
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Systems and Industrial EngineeringThe University of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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