Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Pentecostalism in Panama

  • José E. Mora Torres
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08956-0_509-1


Pentecostalism in Panama originates from the Holiness religious movement in the USA, particularly from the 1906 Azuza Street revival in Los Angeles via the Church of the Foursquare Gospel. Pentecostalism brought distinguishable traits that separated it from previous Protestant missionary endeavors, particularly: (1) limited foreign denominational control; (2) an emphasis on glossolalia and orality; (3) an anti-intellectual vision of the gospel; (4) a direct relationship with the divine; (5) an emphasis on manifestations of the Holy Spirit for a calling to the ministry instead of a formal theological education; (6) an absence of significant foreign resources; and (7) minimal missionary presence. Those traits fostered Pentecostal growth, facilitated the nationalization of nascent structures, and led to the creation of indigenous churches, following culturally relevant patterns of worship and organization (Mora Torres 2010).


Late arrival and slow development mark...


Pentecostalism Pentecostalism in panama Pentecostalism and politics Panama 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.American University of Phnom PenhPhnom PenhCambodia