Uruguay is a small country that borders Argentina and Brazil. From a religious point of view, it is an atypical country in Latin America. As everywhere else in the region, Catholicism has been dominant since Spanish colonialism, but unlike the rest Uruguay developed an advanced secular regime in the French style and displaced the religious to the private sphere in a decisive and distinctive way. Uruguay’s model of secularism demarcates a form of presence of religion in society with an emphasis on the privatization of religion as well as the remoteness or disregard of the state with respect to religion.
Current Religious Profile
Uruguay had 3.3 million inhabitants in 2016. Pew (2014) reported that Uruguay had the lowest proportion of believers in God as well as Catholics and the highest proportion of atheists and believers without church affiliation than anywhere else in Latin America. 81% claimed to believe in God, 42% identified as Catholics, and 15% as Protestants. As...
KeywordsLaicization Lived Religion Non-affiliated Roman Catholicism Secularism Uruguay
- Bazzano D et al (1993) Breve Visión de la Historia de la Iglesia en el Uruguay. Librería San Pablo–Obsur, MontevideoGoogle Scholar
- Caetano G, Geymonat R, Greising C Sánchez A (2013) El “Uruguay laico.” Matrices y revisiones. Taurus, Montevideo, UruguayGoogle Scholar
- Caetano G, Geymonat R (1997) La secularización Uruguaya (1859–1919). Catolicismo y privatización de lo religioso. Taurus, MontevideoGoogle Scholar
- Da Costa N (2008) Guía de la Diversidad Religiosa de Montevideo. Claeh – Taurus, MontevideoGoogle Scholar
- Milot M (2009) La Laicidad. CCS, MadridGoogle Scholar
- Pew Forum on Religion (2014) Religion in Latin America. (Widespread change in a historically catholic region. http://www.pewforum.org/2014/11/13/religion-in-latin-america/11/13/religion-in-latin-america/)Google Scholar