Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Bahia Muslim Slaves Rebellion; Rebellion of the Males, Brazil 1835

  • Malika Kettani
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08956-0_282-1


Malé is the term which defined African Muslims of Brazil; the origin of the term derives from Malām, a Hausa word taken from the Arabic word mu´allim meaning cleric, teacher, or preacher. Some other authors said that the term came from imale, a Yoruba term designing muslim or islam. The term has been in use during the eighteenth century to describe African Muslim brought from the Bight of Benin and sold as slaves in the port of Bahia in Brazil.


The unprecedented manuscript of the author Abdurrahman al-Baghdadi is composed of about 60 pages written in prose. It narrates the experience of a Muslim imam who arrived to the city of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) in a sailing ship issued by the Ottoman State in 1865 from Istanbul to Basra deflected by a violent storm to dock in Rio de Janeiro.

When the boat docked, people of African descent rushed to Al Baghdadi to greet him with the Muslim greeting (Assalamu Alaykum). At first, the imamcame to think that they are teasing...


Al Baghdadi Islam Bahia Males Slavery Rebellion Uprising Malés 
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Supplementary material


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Hispanic StudiesFaculty of Lettres and Human Sciences, Mohammed V University of RabatRabatMorocco