Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Its Relationship with Perinatal Bereavement: Definitions, Reactions, Adjustments, and Grief

  • Caroline J. Hollins MartinEmail author
  • Colin R. Martin
Reference work entry


A small percentage of women present with diagnosed PTSD post childbirth; however, though this an area of increasing research and clinical interest generally, little is known about PTSD in relation to perinatal bereavement. Health professionals must however be aware of the mechanisms and models of loss following perinatal bereavement in order to identify potential mental health phenomena which may be implicated in the development of PTSD symptomology. Understanding the predictive factors which may give early warning signs is an important component of the clinical evidence base. This chapter discusses mechanisms, models, and risk factors in relation to perinatal bereavement and the development of PTSD.


Bereavement Grief Loss Perinatal bereavement Trauma Psychology 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline J. Hollins Martin
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Colin R. Martin
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Care, Edinburgh Napier University (Sighthill Campus)MidlothianUK
  2. 2.School of Nursing, Midwifery, Social Work & Social Sciences, College of Health and Social CareUniversity of SalfordSalfordUK
  3. 3.Faculty of Society and HealthBuckinghamshire New UniversityMiddlesexUK

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