Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Marco Sgarbi

Budé, Guillaume

Born: 26 January 1468, Paris
Died: 22 August 1540, Paris
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02848-4_187-2


Guillaume Budé’s manifold humanistic production represents a puzzling challenge in today’s specialized scholarship and makes it difficult to encompass all its aspects. A higher civil servant at the French Court, Budé never held teaching appointments, but showed in his books how French university teaching should be renewed through the study of the humanities. He is considered to have been the founder of Collège de France, whose first lectures were given in 1530. Budé became King Francis I’s counsellor and thus helped Parisian humanism to develop. His production was wide ranging, including a philological study of Justinian’s Digest ushering in the Mos Gallicus iuris docendi (a new historical approach to Roman law), an outstanding monograph on economics in Antiquity, moral essays, and a large Greek prose thesaurus anticipating that of Henri Estienne. Budé also published some translations from Greek and a selection of his own letters, written in Greek and Latin. His extensive knowledge was based on a large personal library, which is still known only partially. From a religious point of view, Budé defended in his De Transitu hellenismi ad Christianismum a sort of Gallican version of Catholicism against, on the one hand, the growing French Lutheran movement and, on the other, the conservative Sorbonne theologians hostile to the humanistic renewal of the University of Paris.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


Primary Literature

  1. Budé G (1505) Praeclarissima et bonis institutis accommodatissima Plutarchi Chaeronei ex interpretatione G. B. […] De tranquillitate et securitate animi Lib. I cui accessit […] De vita per solitudinem transigenda […] De fortuna Romanorum […] Lib. I, De fortuna vel virtute Alexandri Libri II. ParisGoogle Scholar
  2. Budé G (1506) Plutarchi Chaeronei [Ps.-] de placitis philosophorum libri a G. B. latini facti. ParisGoogle Scholar
  3. Budé G (1508) Annotationes […] in quattuor et viginti Pandectarum libros. Paris. Definitive edition: Paris, 1535Google Scholar
  4. Budé G (1515) De asse et partibus eius libri quinque. Paris. Definitive edition: Paris, 1541Google Scholar
  5. Budé G [1519] (1966) “Institution du prince” (see 1547). Paris, Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal, ms. 5103. In: Bontems C (ed) Le Prince dans la France des XVIe et XVIIe siècles, pp 67–139. ParisGoogle Scholar
  6. Budé G (1520) De contemptu rerum fortuitarum. ParisGoogle Scholar
  7. Budé G (1522) Summaire et epitome du livre De asse. Paris. In: La Garanderie, M.-M. de, Sanchi L-A (eds) (2008). ParisGoogle Scholar
  8. Budé G (1526) Aristotelis [Ps.-] De mundo libellus. Philonis Iudaei itidem De mundo libellus. ParisGoogle Scholar
  9. Budé G (1529) Commentarii linguae Graecae. Paris. Definitive edition: Paris, 1548Google Scholar
  10. Budé G (1531) Epistolae Latinae et Graecae. Paris. In: La Garanderie M-M (Partial ed) (1967) La correspondance d’Érasme et de Guillaume Budé. ParisGoogle Scholar
  11. Budé, Guillaume, 2018. De Asse et partibus eius / L’As et ses fractions, livres I-III, ed. Luigi-Alberto Sanchi. Geneva: Droz.Google Scholar
  12. Budé G (1532a) De studio literarum recte et commode instituendo. Paris. In: La Garanderie M-M de (ed) (1988) ParisGoogle Scholar
  13. Budé G (1532b) De Philologia. Paris. In: Lebel M (ed) (1989) Sherbrooke. La Garanderie M-M de (ed) (2001) ParisGoogle Scholar
  14. Budé G (1535) De transitu Hellenismi ad Christianismum. Paris. In: Lebel M (ed) (1973) Sherbrooke. La Garanderie M-M de and Penham DF (ed) (1993). ParisGoogle Scholar
  15. Budé G (1544) Forensia. ParisGoogle Scholar
  16. Budé G (1547) “Institution du prince” [three different titles]. Lyon, Paris, L’ArrivourGoogle Scholar
  17. Budé G (1556) Omnia opera [French writings excepted]. Basel. Reprint Farnborough, 1966–1969Google Scholar

Secondary Literature

  1. Bohatec J (1950) Budé und Calvin. Studien zur Gedankenwelt des französischen Frühhumanismus. GrazGoogle Scholar
  2. de La Garanderie M-M (1995) Christianisme et lettres profanes. Essai sur l’humanisme français (1515–1535) et sur la pensée de Guillaume Budé. ParisGoogle Scholar
  3. de La Garanderie M-M (2010) Guillaume Budé, philosophe de la culture. ParisGoogle Scholar
  4. Delaruelle L (1907) Guillaume Budé. Les origines, les débuts, les idées maîtresses. Paris. (Reprint Geneva, 2012)Google Scholar
  5. Gadoffre G (1997) La Révolution culturelle dans la France des humanistes. Guillaume Budé et François Ier, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  6. Gueudet G (2004) L’Art de la lettre humaniste. ParisGoogle Scholar
  7. Kelley DR (1970) Foundations of modern historical scholarship. Language, law and history in the French renaissance. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Lecointe J (2006) Éthos stoïque et morale stoïcienne […] dans le De Contemptu rerum fortuitarum de G. Budé (1520). In: Stoïcisme et christianisme à la Renaissance. Paris, pp 35–58Google Scholar
  9. Logan MR (2003) Gulielmus Budaeus’ philological imagination. Modern language Notes 118:1140–1151Google Scholar
  10. Maillard J-F et al (1999) Guillaume Budé. In: La France des Humanistes. Hellénistes I. Turnhout, Brepols, pp 43–92Google Scholar
  11. McNeill DO (1975) Guillaume Budé and humanism in the reign of Francis I. GenevaGoogle Scholar
  12. Sanchi L-A (2006) Les “Commentaires de la langue grecque” de G. Budé. GenèveGoogle Scholar
  13. Sanchi L-A (2012) Humanistes et Antiquaires. Le De Asse de Guillaume Budé. Anabases 16:207–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Sandy G (2003) Guillaume Budé: philologist and polymath. A preliminary study. In: The classical heritage in France, Leiden, pp 79–108Google Scholar
  15. Wallace J (2009) The merits of being obscure: Erasmus and Budé Debate the style, shape and audience of humanist scholarship. Moreana 177–178:198–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNRS, Institut d’histoire du droitParisFrance