Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Marco Sgarbi

Budé, Guillaume

Born: 26 January 1468, Paris
Died: 22 August 1540, Paris
  • Luigi-Alberto SanchiEmail author
Living reference work entry

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02848-4_187-2

Abstract

Guillaume Budé’s manifold humanistic production represents a puzzling challenge in today’s specialized scholarship and makes it difficult to encompass all its aspects. A higher civil servant at the French Court, Budé never held teaching appointments, but showed in his books how French university teaching should be renewed through the study of the humanities. He is considered to have been the founder of Collège de France, whose first lectures were given in 1530. Budé became King Francis I’s counsellor and thus helped Parisian humanism to develop. His production was wide ranging, including a philological study of Justinian’s Digest ushering in the Mos Gallicus iuris docendi (a new historical approach to Roman law), an outstanding monograph on economics in Antiquity, moral essays, and a large Greek prose thesaurus anticipating that of Henri Estienne. Budé also published some translations from Greek and a selection of his own letters, written in Greek and Latin. His extensive knowledge was based on a large personal library, which is still known only partially. From a religious point of view, Budé defended in his De Transitu hellenismi ad Christianismum a sort of Gallican version of Catholicism against, on the one hand, the growing French Lutheran movement and, on the other, the conservative Sorbonne theologians hostile to the humanistic renewal of the University of Paris.

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References

Primary Literature

  1. Budé G (1505) Praeclarissima et bonis institutis accommodatissima Plutarchi Chaeronei ex interpretatione G. B. […] De tranquillitate et securitate animi Lib. I cui accessit […] De vita per solitudinem transigenda […] De fortuna Romanorum […] Lib. I, De fortuna vel virtute Alexandri Libri II. ParisGoogle Scholar
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  4. Budé G (1515) De asse et partibus eius libri quinque. Paris. Definitive edition: Paris, 1541Google Scholar
  5. Budé G [1519] (1966) “Institution du prince” (see 1547). Paris, Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal, ms. 5103. In: Bontems C (ed) Le Prince dans la France des XVIe et XVIIe siècles, pp 67–139. ParisGoogle Scholar
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  8. Budé G (1526) Aristotelis [Ps.-] De mundo libellus. Philonis Iudaei itidem De mundo libellus. ParisGoogle Scholar
  9. Budé G (1529) Commentarii linguae Graecae. Paris. Definitive edition: Paris, 1548Google Scholar
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Secondary Literature

  1. Bohatec J (1950) Budé und Calvin. Studien zur Gedankenwelt des französischen Frühhumanismus. GrazGoogle Scholar
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  4. Delaruelle L (1907) Guillaume Budé. Les origines, les débuts, les idées maîtresses. Paris. (Reprint Geneva, 2012)Google Scholar
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  7. Kelley DR (1970) Foundations of modern historical scholarship. Language, law and history in the French renaissance. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
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  11. McNeill DO (1975) Guillaume Budé and humanism in the reign of Francis I. GenevaGoogle Scholar
  12. Sanchi L-A (2006) Les “Commentaires de la langue grecque” de G. Budé. GenèveGoogle Scholar
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  15. Wallace J (2009) The merits of being obscure: Erasmus and Budé Debate the style, shape and audience of humanist scholarship. Moreana 177–178:198–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNRS, Institut d’histoire du droitParisFrance