Eye-Tracking Research in Computer-Mediated Language Learning

  • Marije C. MichelEmail author
  • Bryan Smith
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Language and Education book series (ELE)


Though eye-tracking technology has been used in reading research for over 100 years, researchers have only recently begun to use it in studies of computer-assisted language learning (CALL). This chapter provides an overview of eye-tracking research to date, which is relevant to computer-mediated language learning contexts. We first examine some of the foundational work, basic assumptions and key constructs in eye-tracking research and then explore uses of eye-tracking in second language (L2) educational contexts. We then examine the modest but growing amount of research in CALL settings and illustrate the technique’s facility for contributing to SLA-relevant CALL research. We touch on some of the known CALL-relevant eye-tracking research in progress and also discuss some of the challenges researchers are likely to encounter when employing eye-tracking techniques. We end with a discussion of possible future directions and developments for eye-tracking in CALL settings.


Eye-tracking Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) Second language acquisition Human-computer interaction (HCI) Noticing Awareness Saccades Task complexity 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Linguistics and English LanguageLancaster UniversityLancasterUK
  2. 2.Arizona State UniversityTempeUSA

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