Dependency theory, tourism
- Samantha ChaperonAffiliated withBusiness School, University of Greenwich Email author
Sometimes referred to as underdevelopment theory, the dependency paradigm gained prominence in the 1960s as a critique of modernization theory. The latter posits that a country’s socioeconomic development should follow an evolutionary path from a traditional to a modern society, with a shift from agriculture to industry, from rural to urban, and with markets playing a central role. It argues that a country that maintains a traditional society is both an expression of underdevelopment and the cause of it. Proponents of dependency theory argue that it is not traditions and internal factors that lead to underdevelopment, but instead it is external political, institutional, and economic structures that keep developing countries in a dependent position relative to developed countries.
This can be understood with reference to Frank’s (1967) theory of underdevelopment. He described the global economic system as having two poles: a developed “metropolitan center” and an underdeveloped “peripher ...
Reference Work Entry Metrics
Date: 2014 (Latest)History
- 2014 (Latest)
- Dependency theory, tourism
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Tourism
- pp 1-3
- Online ISBN
- Springer International Publishing
- Copyright Holder
- Springer International Publishing Switzerland
- Industry Sectors
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. School of Hospitality Leadership, University of Wisconsin-Stout
- 2. School of Hotel and Tourism Management, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
- Author Affiliations
- 3. Business School, University of Greenwich, 30 Park Row, Greenwich, London, SE10 9LS, UK
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