The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Futures

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert Brears (Editor-in-Chief)

Water Pollution and Advanced Water Treatment Technologies

Living reference work entry



  • Water treatment – Treating wastewater to make it suitable for reuse, using chemical, physical, or biological methods

  • Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) – Processes that involve generation of oxidizing species to chemically destroy pollutants

  • Micropollutants – Water pollutants with concentrations of several ng/L to μg/L, usually pharmaceuticals, personal care products, pesticides, and herbicides

  • Microplastics – Pieces of plastics with length less than 5 mm, these are emerging water pollutants in urban settings


The demand for safe potable water is growing exponentially due to the rapid growth of the global population. The United Nations sustainable development goal (SDG) 6 has set the target to provide clean water access to everyone by 2030 (UN 2018). However, supplying clean water to the population that is currently deprived of access to safe potable water remains a global challenge....


Water treatment Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) Membrane-based methods Photocatalysis SDG6 
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The authors would like to acknowledge the Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures for funding, training, and scholarship for MRM.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  2. 2.Grantham Centre for Sustainable FuturesSheffieldUK