Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Energy Management Tools for Sustainability

  • Filipe Tadeu OliveiraEmail author
  • Hermano Bernardo
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_73


Energy efficiency is the solution for a building to provide a comfortable environment with limited energy consumption. This entry will outline some of the most significant tools an energy manager can resort to when attempting to improve energy efficiency in a building. Tools such as energy audits, energy benchmarking, building automation, building energy simulation, and energy management systems, among others, are presented in a brief and practical way, with particular emphasis on their application to higher education buildings. The main conclusions point out the specificity of these types of buildings, recognize the importance of engaging building users in energy management activities, and suggest such topics could be included in the curricula of courses.


Energy efficiency Energy management tools Higher education buildings 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Agdas D, Srinivasan RS, Frost K, Masters FJ (2015) Energy use assessment of educational buildings: toward a campus-wide sustainable energy policy. Sustain Cities Soc 17:15–21.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2015.03.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. ASHRAE (2011) Procedures for commercial building energy audits, 2nd edn. American Society of Heating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), AtlantaGoogle Scholar
  3. ASHRAE (2014) Guideline 14-2014: measurement of energy, demand and water savings. USAGoogle Scholar
  4. Bernardo H, Oliveira F (2018) Estimation of energy savings potential in higher education buildings supported by energy performance benchmarking: a case study. Environments 5:85.  https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5080085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Borgstein EH, Lamberts R, Hensen JLM (2016) Evaluating energy performance in non-domestic buildings: a review. Energ Build 128:734–755.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.07.018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. CEN (2017) EN 15232-1: energy performance of buildings – part 1: impact of building automation. Controls and Building Management, BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  7. CIBSE (2004) CIBSE guide F: energy efficiency in buildings. Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE), LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. DesignBuilder Software Ltd (2018) DesignBuilder software package V5.4.0.021Google Scholar
  9. EVO (2012) International performance measurement and verification protocol (volume 1), WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  10. EVO (2016) International performance measurement and verification protocol – core concepts, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  11. IBPSA-USA (2014) Building energy software tools directory. http://www.buildingenergysoftwaretools.com/home. Accessed 21 June 2018
  12. ISO (2011) ISO 50001: 2011. Energy management systems – Requirements with guidance for useGoogle Scholar
  13. ISO (2014) ISO 50002: 2014, energy audits – requirements with guidance for use. ISO (International Standardisation Organisation), GenevaGoogle Scholar
  14. Liddiard R, Wright A, Marjanovic-Halburd L (2008) A review of non-domestic energy benchmarks and benchmarking methodologies. In: International conference on improving energy efficiency in commercial buildings (IEECB’08), FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
  15. Maile T, Fischer M, Bazjanac V (2007) Building energy performance simulation tools – a life-cycle and interoperable perspective. Stanford University, StanfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Technology and ManagementPolytechnic Institute of LeiriaLeiriaPortugal
  2. 2.Institute for Systems Engineering and Computers at CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

Section editors and affiliations

  • Nelson Amaro
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Sustainable DevelopmentGalileo UniversityGuatemala CityGuatemala