Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Global Warming and Sustainable Development

Restrictions in the Face of Climate Change in Zayandeh-Rud River Basin, Iran
  • Mohammad Javad Zareian
  • Saeid Eslamian
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-AskariEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_470

Introduction

Global Warming, Water Crisis, and Sustainable Development

Global warming is expected to account for about 20% of the world increase in water scarcity for this century. Global warming is expected to change the global rainfall patterns, to exacerbate the collapse of glaciers in the mountains and droughts and severe floods.

Water consumptions in the world have grown sixfold over the last century, more than double the population growth rate, and it would grow rapidly in the coming decades. However, freshwater is readily available as a limited source, equivalent to less than 1% of the water on the Earth.

In addition, water and people all over the world are distributed unevenly; arid and semiarid areas receive only 2% of surface runoff, but they account for 40% of the Earth’s surface and make up half of the world’s poor. Ultimately, our existing freshwater resources are severely threatened by overexploitation, pollution, and global warming. Given this trend, fair supply of...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Javad Zareian
    • 1
  • Saeid Eslamian
    • 2
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Water Resources Research, Water Research Institute (WRI)Ministry of EnergyTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Water Engineering, College of AgricultureIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  3. 3.Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan (Khorasgan) BranchIslamic Azad UniversityIsfahanIran

Section editors and affiliations

  • José Baltazar Salgueirinho Osório de Andrade Guerra
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Sustainable Development (Greens)Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina (Unisul)FlorianópolisBrazil