Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Accountability and Sustainable Development

  • Tiffany C. H. LeungEmail author
  • Artie W. Ng
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_38


Accountability is a term that has been widely discussed and is defined as, “The duty to provide an account or reckoning of those actions for which one is held responsible. Accountability has two crucial components: it arises as a result of a relationship between two or more parties (be the individual, loose associations or organizations) and its nature is determined by the social and moral context in which the relationship is manifest” (Gray et al. 2014: 50). Accountability is often overlapped with other related concepts, such as transparency, responsibility, and clarity (Bovens 2007).

Linkage Between Accountability and Sustainable Development to MNCs

According to the above definition of accountability, each individual will have an innumerable relationship with different individuals, parties, and organizations. Each relationship could be in different purposes. What is considered acceptable behavior in the relationship? Different customs, different cultures, and different...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Professional Education and Executive Development, College of Professional and Continuing EducationThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mark C. Mifsud
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MaltaMsidaMalta