Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Resilience Thinking and Sustainable Development

  • Ali KharraziEmail author
  • Tomohiro Akiyama
  • Masaru Yarime
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_324

Definition

Resilience thinking addresses the dynamics of complex social–environmental systems and explores how such systems can be managed in the face of disturbances – it is a paradigm beneficial toward the aims and objectives of sustainable development.

Introduction

The roots of resilience thinking can be traced to ecological research where system-level observations of the natural world and their underlying dynamics led toward new insights on the concept of resilience. In the natural world, shocks and disturbances are a constant reality of evolutionary life. Ecological systems, e.g., food webs, river basins, and grasslands, have developed an inherent ability to anticipate uncertainty, adapt, and maintain the resilience of critical functions. Learning from the collective wisdom of the natural world on resilience can aid our thinking toward sustainable development.

Sustainable development is a normative vision whereby our collective developmental needs of today do not endanger the...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Albert R, Jeong H, Barabasi AL (2000) Error and attack tolerance of complex networks. Nature 406:378–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Groffman PM, Baron JS, Blett T, Gold AJ, Goodman I, Gunderson LH, … Wiens J (2006) Ecological thresholds: The key to successful environmental management or an important concept with no practical application? Ecosystems.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-003-0142-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hock K, Wolff NH, Ortiz JC, Condie SA, Anthony KRN, Blackwell PG, Mumby PJ (2017) Connectivity and systemic resilience of the great barrier reef. PLoS Biol 15(11):e2003355.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2003355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kharrazi, Fath, Katzmair (2016) Advancing empirical approaches to the concept of resilience: a critical examination of panarchy, ecological information, and statistical evidence. Sustainability 8:935.  https://doi.org/10.3390/su8090935CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Krasny M, Lundholm C, Plummer R (eds) (2011) Resilience in social-ecological systems: the role of learning and education. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Lang DJ, Wiek A, Bergmann M, Stauffacher M, Martens P, Moll P, … Thomas CJ (2012) Transdisciplinary research in sustainability science: practice, principles, and challenges. Sustain Sci 7(1):25–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Stouffer DB, Bascompte J (2011) Compartmentalization increases food-web persistence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108(9):3648–3652.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1014353108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ulanowicz RE (2009a) A third window: natural life beyond Newton and Darwin. Templeton Foundation Press, West ConshohokenGoogle Scholar
  9. Ulanowicz RE (2009b) The dual nature of ecosystem dynamics. Ecol Model 220(16):1886–1892CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Kharrazi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Tomohiro Akiyama
    • 3
  • Masaru Yarime
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Advanced Systems Analysis GroupInternational Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)LaxenburgAustria
  2. 2.Center for the Development of Global Leadership EducationThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Socio-Cultural Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier SciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Division of Public PolicyHong Kong University of Science and TechnologyHong KongChina
  5. 5.Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public PolicyUniversity College of LondonLondonUK
  6. 6.Graduate School of Public PolicyThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Patrizia Lombardi
    • 1
  1. 1.Politecnico di TorinoTurinItaly