Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Water Conservation Strategies for Sustainable Development

  • Rachel SilvermanEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_307

Definition

Water is one of the most essential elements to survival. Globally, the amount of available water is rapidly decreasing, affecting availability and access for potability, sanitation, and agriculture. Water scarcity is an urgent and growing problem.

Introduction

Water scarcity is defined as the lack of available, safe water and water supplies to meet the needs of the community. Statistics show that, globally, 2.1 billion people lack the access to water that is safe to consume and 4.5 billion people lack access to services of sanitation. Estimates are that 40% of the global population is affected by water scarcity, and this number is predicted to increase (United Nations n.d.-a). The significance of access to potable water is clearly articulated in Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6, “Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.” The targets of SDG 6 cover all aspects of both the water cycle and sanitation systems, and the connection of SDG...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northeastern UniversityBostonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Madhavi Venkatesan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA