Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Waste Management Strategies for Sustainable Development

  • Calvin WanEmail author
  • Geoffrey Qiping Shen
  • Stella Choi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_194



Waste management refers to the activities and actions that handle waste materials. It includes collection, transportation, processing, and disposal of waste. Waste prevention, recycling, reuse, and recovery are important waste management strategies that eases the burden on landfills, conserves natural resources, and saves energy. This helps utilize resources more effectively and sustainably.


The world is besieged with growing pressure of waste management. The amount of waste has been increasing along with expanding population and rising human activities (The Washington Post 2017; The World Bank 2018). The World Bank estimated that there were approximately 1.3 billion tons of municipal solid waste generated globally in 2012 and the volume is expected to reach 2.2 billion tons by 2025 (Hoornweg and Bhada-Tata 2012). Waste levies a heavy tax on the environment and human health; it...

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The book chapter is based on a research project fully supported by a grant from the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Project Reference No.: UGC/FDS24/H02/15).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Calvin Wan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Geoffrey Qiping Shen
    • 2
  • Stella Choi
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Professional Education and Executive DevelopmentThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityKowloonChina
  2. 2.Department of Building and Real EstateThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityKowloonChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Evangelos Manolas
    • 1
  1. 1.Democritus University of ThraceThraceGreece