Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Environmental Impact Assessment as a Tool for Sustainable Development

  • Kurian Joseph
  • Saeid Eslamian
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-AskariEmail author
  • Mohsen Nekooei
  • Hosein Talebmorad
  • Ali Hasantabar-Amiri
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_170


Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is a process having the ultimate objective of providing decision-makers with an indication of the likely consequences of their actions. It is applied internationally as a preventive environmental management tool to ensure that proposed actions are economically viable, socially equitable, and environmentally sustainable.


The natural environment provides four categories of service: provisioning (e.g., food, water, and fiber), regulating (e.g., climate, water, and disease), cultural (e.g., spiritual, aesthetic, recreation, and education), and supporting (e.g., primary production and soil formation). The human impact on the natural environment has increased rapidly over the past century in response to population growth, rapid technological development, industrialization, and agricultural expansion. Transforming society and the world’s economy to a sustainable basis presents the most significant challenge to the twenty-first...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurian Joseph
    • 1
  • Saeid Eslamian
    • 2
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari
    • 3
    Email author
  • Mohsen Nekooei
    • 2
  • Hosein Talebmorad
    • 2
  • Ali Hasantabar-Amiri
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre for Environmental StudiesAnna UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Water EngineeringCollege of Agriculture, Isfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  3. 3.Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan (Khorasgan) BranchIslamic Azad UniversityIsfahanIran
  4. 4.Department of Civil Engineering, Lenjan BranchIslamic Azad University, LenjanIsfahanIran

Section editors and affiliations

  • Evangelos Manolas
    • 1
  1. 1.Democritus University of ThraceThraceGreece