Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Environmental Impact Assessment as a Tool for Sustainable Development

  • Kurian Joseph
  • Saeid Eslamian
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-AskariEmail author
  • Mohsen Nekooei
  • Hosein Talebmorad
  • Ali Hasantabar-Amiri
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_170

Definition

Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is a process having the ultimate objective of providing decision-makers with an indication of the likely consequences of their actions. It is applied internationally as a preventive environmental management tool to ensure that proposed actions are economically viable, socially equitable, and environmentally sustainable.

Introduction

The natural environment provides four categories of service: provisioning (e.g., food, water, and fiber), regulating (e.g., climate, water, and disease), cultural (e.g., spiritual, aesthetic, recreation, and education), and supporting (e.g., primary production and soil formation). The human impact on the natural environment has increased rapidly over the past century in response to population growth, rapid technological development, industrialization, and agricultural expansion. Transforming society and the world’s economy to a sustainable basis presents the most significant challenge to the twenty-first...

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References

  1. Canter LW (1997) Environmental Impact Assessment Mc GrawHill International Edition. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Inc, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Dougherty TC, Hall AW, Wallingford HR (1995) Environmental impact assessment of irrigation and drainage projects. Food and Agricultural Organisation, UKGoogle Scholar
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  4. IAIA (1999) Principles of Environmental Impact Assessment Best Practice, International Association for Impact Assessment, UK. 20ppGoogle Scholar
  5. MoEF&CC (2015) Standard terms of reference for EIA/EMP report for projects/activities requiring environment clearance under EIA notification, 2006. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  6. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (1996) Coherence in environmental assessment: practical guidance on development cooperation projects. OECD, ParisGoogle Scholar
  7. Weaver A, Pope J, Morrison-Saunders A, Lochner P (2008) Contributing to sustainability as an environmental impact assessment practitioner. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 26(2):91–98.  https://doi.org/10.3152/146155108X316423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. World Bank 1999 Good practices: environmental assessment, operational manual, GP 4.01, and Environment Department World bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  9. World Business Council for Sustainable Development (2005) Environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) guidelines. 54ppGoogle Scholar
  10. World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) Our Common Future, Transmitted to the General Assembly as an Annex to document A/42/427 – Development and International Co-operation: Environment. http://www.un-documents.net/wced-ocf.htm

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurian Joseph
    • 1
  • Saeid Eslamian
    • 2
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari
    • 3
    Email author
  • Mohsen Nekooei
    • 2
  • Hosein Talebmorad
    • 2
  • Ali Hasantabar-Amiri
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre for Environmental StudiesAnna UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Water EngineeringCollege of Agriculture, Isfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  3. 3.Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan (Khorasgan) BranchIslamic Azad UniversityIsfahanIran
  4. 4.Department of Civil Engineering, Lenjan BranchIslamic Azad University, LenjanIsfahanIran

Section editors and affiliations

  • Evangelos Manolas
    • 1
  1. 1.Democritus University of ThraceThraceGreece