Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Environmental Friendly Products and Sustainable Development

  • Robert Eduardo Cooper-OrdoñezEmail author
  • Aleix Altimiras-Martin
  • Walter Leal Filho
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_131


Environmentally friendly products are market-oriented products that cause minimal environmental degradation and their production is linked to a product development process that is structured in a way that considers the impacts that can be caused to the environment throughout their life cycle.


The environmental degradation caused by human activities has increased during this last century beyond what the Earth system can sustain. Climate change, ocean eutrophication, and biodiversity loss are some examples of the factors that have exceeded natural boundaries (Rockström et al. 2009).

Traditionally, product development (PD) focused on achieving quality, cost, and time targets, while environmental aspects were only indirectly considered (Abele 2005). However, given the current socioecological situation, it is now urgent to integrate sustainability aspects in PD. To address such issue within the firms’ boundaries, PD is now conceived from a sustainable development...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Eduardo Cooper-Ordoñez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aleix Altimiras-Martin
    • 2
  • Walter Leal Filho
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Materials, School of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of CampinasCampinasBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Science and Technology Policy, Institute of GeosciencesUniversity of CampinasCampinasBrazil
  3. 3.Faculty of Life Sciences, World Sustainable Development Research and Transfer CentreHamburg University of Applied SciencesHamburgGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Erin Hopkins
    • 1
  1. 1.Virginia TechBlacksburgUSA