Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Anthropocene and Sustainable Development

  • Leonardo Freire de MelloEmail author
  • Sara Aparecida de Paula
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_108


The Anthropocene is the name given to the set of changes and transformations through which the planet Earth has passed during the last century or so and that have reached such a profound magnitude that several scientists and researchers affirm that the planet has entered a new geological era. These transformations can be seen and experienced in processes as the fast and vast urbanization process all over the world, growth in social and economic inequality rates like never seen before, wider and deeper overexploitation and scarcity of natural resources (soil erosion, water pollution, use of oil and other fossil fuels as main energy source by an increasing number of people), ecosystems degradation, and a higher incidence of phenomena like hurricanes, storms, droughts, floods, and high risk natural disasters in general, as well as the extinction of animal and vegetal species in unforeseen speed and proportions. Its comprehension is fundamental to discuss and to plan strategies...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonardo Freire de Mello
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sara Aparecida de Paula
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Engineering, Modelling and Applied Social Sciences, Territorial Planning DepartmentFederal University of ABCSão Bernardo do CampoBrazil
  2. 2.Centre for Engineering, Modelling and Applied Social Sciences, Master’s Candidate on the Programme of International Political EconomyFederal University of ABCSão Bernardo do CampoBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Tamara Savelyeva
    • 1
  1. 1.The Education University of Hong KongHong KongChina