Which Environmental Factors Drive Distribution of Orchids? A Case Study from South Bohemia, Czech Republic

  • Zuzana ŠtípkováEmail author
  • Dušan Romportl
  • Pavel Kindlmann
Living reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)


Species distribution models are a useful tool applied in many branches of biology, especially when dealing with threatened organisms. In combination with GIS techniques, these models are especially important and valuable for predicting occurrence of rare species, for example, orchids. Orchids are an endangered plant group, protected in the whole world. Questions of their conservation are therefore highly discussed, but not all factors affecting their survival and distribution are known so far. Here we show an example of using SDMs for analysis of orchid species occurrence data from the region of South Bohemia in the Czech Republic. Our data were analyzed using the MaxEnt program, which produces species distribution maps and thus allows predicting potential occurrence of orchids in yet unknown localities. This program also determines the environmental factors affecting species distribution. This is important for better protection of orchids, because we can improve management plans that are crucial for maintaining orchid localities to stay alive. We determined the most important factors affecting studied species occurrence and areas, where new sites are most likely to be discovered. This approach can help us to find new localities of orchids and to understand which environmental factors influence the occurrence of these endangered plants.


Orchids Distribution Environmental variables Species distribution models MaxEnt 



This work was supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of CR within the National Sustainability Program I (NPU I), grant number LO1415. We also thank the South Bohemian Branch of the Land Office in Ceske Budejovice for their kind cooperation and Kristina Kosánová for her help in the field.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zuzana Štípková
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Dušan Romportl
    • 3
  • Pavel Kindlmann
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Global Change Research InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of ScienceCharles UniversityBenátská 2/Prague 2Czech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of ScienceCharles UniversityAlbertov 6Czech Republic

Section editors and affiliations

  • Hippolyte Kodja
    • 1
  1. 1.Université de La Réunion, UMR PVBMTSaint DenisRéunion

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