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Polymer Nanocomposite Matrices

  • Ihsan Flayyih Hasan AI-JawhariEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

In this chapter, a review of several researches was done on the development and characterization of nanocomposites based on starch, cellulose, and wood. Thediscussion will be focused on structural, mechanical, and barrel properties as well as on degradation and the role of polymer nanocomposite (PNC) in a treatment in the different fields, such as utilization of polymers in various industrial applications to obtain a product with essentially a new set of properties. Micro- and nanomaterials increase the surface area-to-volume ratio. It affects the properties of the nanomaterials when they react with other nanomaterials. Due tothe higher specific surface area of nanomaterials, interaction with other nanomaterials within the mixture becomes more intense. This consequently results in positive properties, such as high-temperature capability, resistance against corrosion, noise damping, low in cost, high specific stiffness and strength, high thermal conductivity, and low coefficient of thermal expansion. Nanocomposites obtained by using eco-friendly materials and techniques, as well as incorporating nanofillers to biopolymers, are extremely promising products because they provide better properties with conservation of the material biodegradability, environmental friendliness, easy processing, and impressive physicomechanical properties, avoiding ecotoxicity. This assists in evolution of simpler chemical processes or innovative designed product for future generations by the chemical industries that should create least environmental impact. An interest in naturally available renewable materials has been developed due to the global environmental concern.

Keywords

Eco-friendly Polymer Nanocomposite Nanomaterials Biopolymer Biodegradation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure SciencesUniversity of ThiqarAL-NasiriyaIraq

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