Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics

Living Edition
| Editors: Harsh K. Gupta

GPS, Tectonic Geodesy

  • Jeffrey T. FreymuellerEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10475-7_77-1



Earthquake cycle

A conceptual model that explains the buildup of stress that causes earthquakes, through a period of steady tectonic loading that culminates in sudden slip in an earthquake.

Slip deficit

The difference between the slip that has occurred over a period of time on a fault and the amount expected from the long-term fault slip rate; a measure of the accumulated slip “available” for an earthquake on the fault.


The change in position of a point on the Earth’s surface.

Coseismic displacement

The final, static displacement of the surface caused by slip in an earthquake.

Postseismic displacement

Displacements caused by postseismic processes, which are transient deformation processes that follow large earthquakes.


Steady gradual fault slip that is aseismic (does not result in an earthquake).

Volcanic inflation

Dilatational deformation caused by pressurization of a volcanic system.

Glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA