Continental Crustal Structure
Seismic reflection and refraction profiling supplying velocity-depth functions and relations to petrology is the key to probe the continental crust.
Thick, old cratons, shields, and platforms
Orogens, often related to continental subduction
Extensional areas, including shelves and rifts
ThickPrecambrian cratons, disrupted by early plate tectonics, are...
We greatly appreciate the assistance of Gudrun Reim (Kiel) in preparing the figures, and we thank Walter Mooney (Menlo Park) for his review, leading to many improvements of the manuscript.
- Christensen NI, Wepfer WW (1989) Laboratory techniques for determining seismic velocities and attenuations, with applications to the continental lithosphere. In: Pakiser LC, Mooney WD (eds) Geophysical framework of the continental United States. Geophysical Society of America Memoir, 172. Geological Society of America, BoulderGoogle Scholar
- Ji SC, Wang Q, Xia B (2002) Handbook of seismic properties of minerals, rocks, and ores. Polytechnic International Press, Montreal, 630 ppGoogle Scholar
- Ji S, Shao T, Michibayashi K, Oya S, Satsukawa T, Wang Q, Zhao W, Salisbury M (2015) Magnitude and symmetry of seismic anisotropy in mica- and amphibole- bearing metamorphic rocks and implications for tectonic interpretation of seismic data from southeast Tibetan Plateau. J Geophys Res 120. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JB012209Google Scholar
- Mooney WD, Rao VV, Chulik GS, Detweiler ST (2005) Comparison of the deep crustal structure and seismicity of North America with the Indian Subcontinent. Curr Sci 88:1639–1651Google Scholar
- Pawlenkowa N (1996) Crust and mantle structure in Northern Eurasia from seismic data. In: Dmowska R, Saltzmann B (eds) Advances in geophysics, vol 37. Academic, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
- Rudnick R, Gao S (2014) Composition of the continental crust. In: Treatise on geochemistry, vol 4, 2nd edn. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 1–51Google Scholar
- Vasin RN, Kern H, Lokajicek T, Svitek T, Lehmann E, Mannes DC, Chaousche M, Wenk H-R (2017) Elastic anisotropy of Tambo gneiss from Promontogno, Switzerland: a comparison of crystal orientation and microstructure-based modelling and experimental measurements. Geophys J Int 209:1–20Google Scholar