Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics

Living Edition
| Editors: Harsh K. Gupta

Deep Seismic Reflection and Refraction Profiling

  • Kabir Roy ChowdhuryEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10475-7_226-1


Deep Seismic Reflection and Refraction Profiling

Classically, multichannel recording, along a measurement line, of (mostly) seismic P-waves, artificially generated using large energy sources, after these have traveled deep thru the earth’s crust (and upper mantle). Later developments include multicomponent recording enabling analysis of shear waves. Deep reflection profiling is mostly done using vibrators (on land) or air guns (in water) at near-vertical distances (8–12 km) to image the structure of the crust and upper mantle. Wide-angle reflection/refraction profiling uses large explosions and recording distances (200–300 km), primarily to obtain velocity information down to the upper mantle.


Active source seismology; Controlled source seismology; Deep seismic sounding; Explosion seismology; Wide-angle reflection/refraction profiling

Notational Notes

Below, all capitals (e.g., DSRRP) will be used for acronyms and italicized phrases within double quotes (e.g., “Seis...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands