Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics

Living Edition
| Editors: Harsh K. Gupta

Vertical Seismic Profiling

  • James W. RectorIIIEmail author
  • Maria-Daphne Mangriotis
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10475-7_168-1




Vertical seismic profiling A geophysical technology for measuring the seismic properties in a profile of the earth using a set of sources and receivers, either of which is placed along the depth (vertical) axis.


Vertical seismic profiling (commonly abbreviated to the name VSP) is a major technique in geophysical exploration, which involves measuring downgoing and upgoing seismic wavefields through a stratigraphic sequence. Shortly after the first attempts of developing surface reflection seismology, where both sources and receivers were at the surface, the line of research sets out with the idea of burying either sources or receivers in boreholes. McCollum and LaRue (1931) proposed that local geologic structure could be determined from measuring the arrival of seismic energy from surface sources with buried receivers. This geometry forms the basic principle of determining seismic wave propagation velocities from VSP measurements even today. The...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of California at BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.School of Geosciences and Grant Institute of Earth ScienceUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  3. 3.Institute of GeoEnergy EngineeringHeriot-Watt UniversityEdinburghUK