Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics

Living Edition
| Editors: Harsh K. Gupta

Seismology, Monitoring of CTBT

Scientific and Technical Advances in Seismology and Their Relevance to CTBT
  • Zhongliang WuEmail author
  • Paul G. Richards
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10475-7_163-1
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Definition

Monitoring of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) entails the detection, identification, and characterization of atmospheric, underwater, and specifically underground nuclear tests, and the discrimination of nuclear explosions from other artificial and/or natural events such as quarry blasts and earthquakes (CTBTO PrepComm. 2009a).

Introduction

Matching the needs of the monitoring of CTBT deals with seismic, infrasound, and hydro-acoustic, as well as radionuclide monitoring systems. At present the CTBT verification system specified by the treaty has three major components: the International Monitoring System (IMS) with a global network of 297 certified facilities up to the time of writing/revision (CTBTO PrepComm. 2019a); the International Data Centre (IDC) for the processing of observational data; and an On-Site Inspection (OSI) regime that utilizes a series of high-resolution technologies and has many similarities to the emergency on-site observation of...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Earthquake ForecastingChina Earthquake AdministrationBeijingChina
  2. 2.Lamont-Doherty Earth ObservatoryColumbia UniversityPalisadesUSA