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Bioactive Compounds of Bael (Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa)

  • Hosakatte Niranjana MurthyEmail author
  • Medha A. Bhat
  • Dayanand Dalawai
Living reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

Bael [Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa] is an important fruit yielding and medicinal tree which is indigenous to Indian subcontinent. Fruits, leaves, stem, stem bark, root, and root bark of Aegle marmelos are utilized in Ayurvedic system of medicine to cure majority of human ailments. Aegle marmelos fruits are having dietary and nutraceutical importance and are used in the preparation of jam, squash, toffee, slab, and wine. Extracts of fruits, leaves, stem, stem bark, root, and root bark of Aegle marmelos as well as isolated compounds have been demonstrated to possess several medicinal properties which have been widely employed. In this review, we presented the nutritional status of Aegle marmelos fruits, chemical compounds isolated from different parts of the Aegle marmelos plant, and pharmacological properties of Aegle marmelos extracts and their purified compounds.

Keywords

Aegle marmelos Bael Biological activities Pharmacology Phytochemicals 

Notes

Acknowledgments

HNM is thankful to DST-PURSE phase-2 program and UGC-BSR midcareer award grant [No. F.19-223/2018(BSR)].

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Medha A. Bhat
    • 1
  • Dayanand Dalawai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyKarnatak UniversityDharwadIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vishwas Anant Bapat
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyShivaji UniversityKolhapurIndia

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