Bioactive Compounds in Southern African Fruits

  • Dharini SivakumarEmail author
  • Fabienne Remize
  • Cyrielle Garcia
Living reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)


South Africa is a home to many indigenous fruits. The popularity of including plant-based antioxidants in the diet is increasing due to their health benefits. Kei apple, Natal plum, monkey orange, and marula are common Southern African fruits. Although they are found in the wild, they are commercially grown to produce traditional processed products. This review describes the fruit morphology; bioactive compounds such as phenolic acids, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, and amino acids; antioxidant properties; and biological activities present in Southern African fruits such as Kei apple, Natal plum, monkey orange, and marula and their health benefits.


African indigenous fruits Carissa macrocarpa Dovyalis caffra Flavonoids Sclerocarya birrea 



Dry weight


Ferric reducing antioxidant power


Gallic acid equivalent


High-density lipoprotein cholesterol


High-performance liquid chromatography


Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol


Reactive oxygen species



The financial support from the Department of Science and Technology/National Research Foundation and the South African Research Chair Initiative Programme for Phytochemical Food Network Grant No. 98352 is greatly acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dharini Sivakumar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fabienne Remize
    • 2
  • Cyrielle Garcia
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Crop SciencesTshwane University of TechnologyPretoria WestSouth Africa
  2. 2.University of La Réunion, UMR Quail Sud, Parc Technologique UniversitaireSanteClotideFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vishwas A. Bapat
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyShivaji UniversityKolhapurIndia

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