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Bioactive Compounds of Arid and Semiarid Fruits: Impact on Human Health

  • Randah Muqbil Alqurashi
  • Muneera Qassim Al-Mssallem
  • Jameel Mohammed Al-KhayriEmail author
Living reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

Fruits are a rich source of natural bioactive compounds, which include polyphenols, vitamins, polyunsaturated fatty acids, amino acids, and carotenoids. These compounds are characterized as healthy foods and demonstrated biological activity in human health in both in vitro and in vivo studies. Increasing evidence of these bioactive compounds has shown biological relevant activities including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, hypolipidemic, and neuroactive properties. This chapter defines the basic concepts of bioactive compounds in arid and semiarid fruits and identifies the phytochemicals composition of these fruits in addition to their benefits as antioxidant and chronic disease prevention in relation to human health.

Keywords

Antioxidant Bioactive compounds Chronic diseases Fruits Health benefits Polyphenol Secondary metabolites 

List of Abbreviations

ACs

Anthocyanins

BP

Blood pressure

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

MUFA

Monounsaturated fatty acid

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Randah Muqbil Alqurashi
    • 1
  • Muneera Qassim Al-Mssallem
    • 1
  • Jameel Mohammed Al-Khayri
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Agriculture and Food SciencesKing Faisal UniversityAl-HassaSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Food SciencesKing Faisal UniversityAl-HassaSaudi Arabia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BotanyKarnatak UniversityDharwadIndia
  2. 2.Research Center for the Development of Advanced Horticultural TechnologyChungbuk National UniversityCheongjuRepublic of Korea

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