Advertisement

The Impact of Sociopolitical Upheaval: Russia and Eastern Europe

  • Hynek PikhartEmail author
Living reference work entry
  • 4 Downloads
Part of the Handbook Series in Occupational Health Sciences book series (HDBSOHS)

Abstract

Unfavorable working conditions are common in countries of Central and Eastern Europe, a region with high mortality and morbidity. This chapter reviews the evidence related to the association between work-related social and psychosocial factors, such as unemployment, job insecurity, long working hours, or work stress, and health outcomes in the region and investigates whether these factors could contribute to an increased risk of death and other health outcomes among working population in countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

Keywords

Central and Eastern Europe Unemployment Job insecurity Work stress Long working hours 

References

  1. Bannai A, Tamakoshi A (2014) The association between long working hours and health: a systematic review of epidemiological evidence. Scand J Work Environ Health 40:5–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bobak M, Marmot M (1996) East-west health divide and its potential explanations: proposed research agenda. Br Med J 312:421–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cheng Y, Chen CW, Chen CJ, Chiang TL (2005) Job insecurity and its association with health among employees in the Taiwanese general population. Soc Sci Med 61(1):41–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cornia GA (2016) The mortality crisis in transition economies. IZA World of Labor, Bonn, p 298Google Scholar
  5. D’Souza RM, Strazdins L, Lim LLY, Broom DH, Rodgers B (2003) Work and health in a contemporary society: demands, control, and insecurity. J Epidemiol Community Health 57(11):849–854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dembe AE, Erickson JB, Delbos RG, Banks SM (2005) The impact of overtime and long work hours on occupational injuries and illnesses: new evidence from the United States. Occup Environ Med 62:588–597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Felici C (2019) Depressive symptoms and work stress in central and Eastern Europe. MSc dissertation, University College LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. Ferrie JE, Shipley MJ, Marmot MG, Stansfeld S, Smith GD (1995) Health effects of anticipation of job change and non-employment: longitudinal data from the Whitehall II study. BMJ 311:1264–1269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ferrie JE, Shipley MJ, Marmot MG, Stansfeld S, Smith GD (1998a) The health effects of major organisational change and job insecurity. Soc Sci Med 46:243–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ferrie JE, Shipley MJ, Marmot MG, Stansfeld SA, Smith GD (1998b) An uncertain future: the health effects of threats to employment security in white-collar men and women. Am J Public Health 88(7):1030–1036CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ferrie JE, Shipley MJ, Stansfeld SA, Marmot MG (2002) Effects of chronic job insecurity and change in job security on self reported health, minor psychiatric morbidity, physiological measures, and health related behaviours in British civil servants: the Whitehall II study. J Epidemiol Community Health 56:450–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ferrie JE, Shipley MJ, Newman K, Stansfeld SA, Marmot M (2005) Self-reported job insecurity and health in the Whitehall II study: potential explanations of the relationship. Soc Sci Med 60(7):1593–1602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Heikkila K, Nyberg ST, Madsen IE et al (2016) Long working hours and cancer risk: a multi-cohort study. Br J Cancer 114:813–818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hertzman C (1995) Environment and health in central and Eastern Europe. A report for the Environmental Action Programme for Central and Eastern Europe. World Bank, Washington, DCCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Karasek RA (1979) Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: implications for job redesign. Adm Sci Q 24:285–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kivimaki M, Jokela M, Nyberg ST et al (2015) Long working hours and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis of published and unpublished data for 603,838 individuals. Lancet 386:1739–1746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Laszlo KD, Pikhart H, Kopp MS, Bobak M, Pajak A, Malyutina S, Kubinova R, Szalavecz G, Marmot M (2010) Job insecurity and health: a study of 16 European countries. Soc Sci Med 70:867–874CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lee S, Colditz GA, Berkman LF, Kawachi I (2004) Prospective study of job insecurity and coronary heart disease in US women. Ann Epidemiol 14:24–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Leinsalu M, Vagero D, Kunst A (2003) Estonia 1989–2000: enormous increase in mortality differences by education. Int J Epidemiol 32:1081–1087CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Levenstein S, Smith MW, Kaplan GA (2001) Psychosocial predictors of hypertension in men and women. Arch Intern Med 161:1341–1346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Li Y (2018) Job demand, job control and mortality in the HAPIEE study. MSc dissertation, University College LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Liu Q (2018) Long working hours and risk of mortality in HAPIEE. MSc dissertation, University College LondonGoogle Scholar
  23. Lundin A, Falkstedt D, Lundberg I, Hemmingsson T (2014) Unemployment and coronary heart disease among middle-aged men in Sweden: 39 243 men followed for 8 years. Occup Environ Med 71(3):183–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Martikainen PT, Valkonen T (1996) Excess mortality of unemployed men and women during a period of rapidly increasing unemployment. Lancet 348(9032):909–912CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Meneton P, Kesse-Guyot E, Méjean C et al (2015) Unemployment is associated with high cardiovascular event rate and increased all-cause mortality in middle-aged socially privileged individuals. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 88(6):707–716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Murphy M, Bobak M, Nicholson A et al (2006) The widening gap in mortality by educational level in Russian Federation, 1980–2001. Am J Public Health 96:1293–1299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Nanda A, Nossilcov A, Prokhorskas R, Abou Shabanah MHS (1993) Health in the central and eastern countries of the WHO European region: an overview. World Health Stat Q 46:158–165PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Nordt C, Warnke I, Seifritz E, Kawohl W (2015) Modelling suicide and unemployment: a longitudinal analysis covering 63 countries, 2000–11. Lancet Psychiatry 2(3):239–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. OECD (2019) Hours worked (indicator).  https://doi.org/10.1787/47be1c78-en. Accessed 10 Dec 2019
  30. Pelfrene E, Vlerick P, Moreau M, Mak RP, Kornitzer M, De Backer G (2003) Perceptions of job insecurity and the impact of world market competition as health risks: results from Belstress. J Occup Organ Psychol 76:411–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Pikhart H (2017) Work-stress and (CVD/CHD) mortality in central and Eastern Europe: selected results from the HAPIEE Study. In: Proceedings of ICOH-CVD Conference 2017, Varesse, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  32. Pikhart H, Bobak M, Pajak A, Malyutina S, Kubinova R, Topor R, Sebakova H, Nikitin Y, Marmot M (2004) Psychosocial factors at work and depression in three countries of central and Eastern Europe. Soc Sci Med 58(8):1475–1482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Roelfs DJ, Shor E, Davidson KW, Schwartz JE (2011) Losing life and livelihood: a systematic review and meta-analysis of unemployment and all-cause mortality. Soc Sci Med 72(6):840–854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rugulies R, Bültmann U, Aust B, Burr H (2006) Psychosocial work environment and incidence of severe depressive symptoms: prospective findings from a 5-year follow-up of the Danish work environment cohort study. Am J Epidemiol 163:877–887CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Shkolnikov V, Leon DA, Adamets S et al (1998) Educational level and adult mortality in Russia: an analysis of routine data 1979 to 1994. Soc Sci Med 47:357–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Siegrist J, Peter R, Junge A, Cremer P, Seidel D (1990) Low status control, high effort at work and ischemic heart disease: prospective evidence from blue-collar men. Soc Sci Med 31(10):1127–1134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Swaen GM, Bultmann U, Kant I, van Amelsvoort LG (2004) Effects of job insecurity from a workplace closure threat on fatigue and psychological distress. J Occup Environ Med 46:443–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tillmann T, Pikhart H, Peasey A, Kubinova R, Pajak A, Tamosiunas A, Malyutina S, Steptoe A, Kivimäki M, Marmot M, Bobak M (2017) Psychosocial and socioeconomic determinants of cardiovascular mortality in Eastern Europe: A multicentre prospective cohort study. PLoS Med 14(12):e1002459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Van Melick MJ, van Beukering MD, Mol BW, Frings-Dressen MH, Hulshof CT (2014) Shift work, long working hours and preterm birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 87:835–849CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ward A (2018) Assessing the contribution of job insecurity to all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Eastern Europe: a HAPIEE study. MSc dissertation, University College LondonGoogle Scholar
  41. White J, Beswick J (2003) Working long hours. Health and Safety Laboratory, SheffieldGoogle Scholar
  42. Zagozdzon P, Zaborski L, Ejsmont J (2009) Survival and cause-specific mortality among unemployed individuals in Poland during economic transition. J Public Health 31(1):138–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zagozdzon P, Parszuto J, Wrotkowska M, Dydjow-Bendek D (2014) Effect of unemployment on cardiovascular risk factors and mental health. Occup Med 64(6):436–441CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Epidemiology and Health CareUniversity College LondonLondonUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Akizumi Tsutsumi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public HealthKitasato University School of MedicineSagamiharaJapan

Personalised recommendations