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From National Labor and Social Policies to Individual Work Stressors

Multilevel Concepts, Evidence, and Challenges
  • Thorsten LunauEmail author
  • Mariann Rigó
  • Nico Dragano
Living reference work entry
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Part of the Handbook Series in Occupational Health Sciences book series (HDBSOHS)

Abstract

Although national labor and social policies influence the labor market and, thus, the employment relationships of entire populations, there has long been a lack of research regarding the possible influence of these policies on health-threatening work stressors. In recent years initial studies have been published providing results on the relationship between policy measures and work stressors. So far, some evidence has been obtained that labor and social policies could have a direct impact on work stressors. This impact was particularly evident among socially disadvantaged persons, such as people with a low level of education. In addition to these direct effects on working conditions, initial results have shown that the company level plays a significant role in translating policy measures into operational practice. Along with these effects of policy measures on the distribution of work stressors, first studies have also provided evidence that policy measures can mitigate the adverse health effects of psychosocial work stressors.

Keywords

Macro-level Labor and social policies Reconciliation policies Welfare state Work stress Cross-national studies 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This project was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) by two grants (grant number 392132829“LU 2211/1-1” and grant number 384210238 “FOR2723” [individual grant number DR 751/1-1]).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Medical Sociology, Medical FacultyUniversity of DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Akizumi Tsutsumi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public HealthKitasato University School of MedicineSagamiharaJapan

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