Childhood Determinants of Occupational Health at Older Ages

  • Morten WahrendorfEmail author
  • Panayotes Demakakos
Living reference work entry
Part of the Handbook Series in Occupational Health Sciences book series (HDBSOHS)


Occupational health research increasingly recognizes the necessity to adopt a life course perspective that considers different stages of the life course to explain health later on. This approach includes not only studies that demonstrate the long-term effects of work and employment conditions on health beyond working life but also an increasing number of studies that recognize that working conditions are often related to disadvantaged circumstances at earlier stages of the life course, including childhood socioeconomic disadvantage, psychosocial adversity, and poor-quality parenting. The present chapter therefore provides an overview of life course models and research that link early life and childhood conditions with adverse work and employment conditions and adult health. Concluding remarks underline that working conditions should not be isolated from the broader life course context, especially early life and childhood factors, and point to open issues for future studies.


Early life conditions Life course epidemiology Employment histories Working conditions 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Health and Society, Institute of Medical Sociology, Medical FacultyUniversity of DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology and Public HealthUniversity College LondonLondonUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Morten Wahrendorf
    • 1
  • Jian Li
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Medical Sociology, Centre of Health and Society (CHS)University of DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany
  2. 2.Fielding School of Public Health, School of NursingUniversity of California Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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