Eliot, George [Mary Ann Evans]

  • Lesa SchollEmail author
  • Wendy S. WilliamsEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02721-6_37-1

Definition

George Eliot, born Mary Ann Evans (1819–1880), was one of the most influential writers and public intellectuals of the nineteenth century. Her published work ranges primarily across literature, history, philosophy, and religion, and her literary career included working as a translator, editor, literary critic, journalist, and novelist. She was influenced by German philosophy and Romanticism and later in life by the Positivism of French philosopher Auguste Comte.

Introduction

George Eliot was born Mary Ann Evans on 22 November 1819, the youngest of the three children born into Robert Evans’s second marriage to Christiana Pearson. Eliot’s older full siblings, Christiana (known as Chrissey, 1814–1859) and Isaac (1816–1890), remained influential forces throughout Eliot’s life. Born at South Farm in Arbury, near Nuneaton in Warwickshire, the family moved to Griff House in 1820, where Robert Evans managed Arbury Hall, the estate of the Newdigate family. The young Mary Ann’s...

Keywords

Eliot, George Lewes, George Henry Feuerbach Spinoza Strauss Cara Bray Sara Hennell Unitarianism Agnosticism Apostasy Westminster Review Journalism Evangelicalism Political fiction Poetry Religion of Humanity Historical fiction Realism Translation Philosophy German romanticism 
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References

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kathleen Lumley CollegeUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Texas Christian UniversityFort WorthUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Emily Morris
    • 1
  1. 1.St. Thomas More CollegeUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada