North, Marianne; Recollections of a Happy Life
Marianne North is best remembered for her extraordinary paintings housed in a permanent gallery in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. She produced the predominantly botanical art during various solitary travels around the globe. She also penned three volumes of memoir outlining her many intrepid adventures, Recollections of a Happy Life: Being the Autobiography of Marianne North 2 vols. (1892) and Some Further Recollections of a Happy Life: Selected from the Journals of Marianne North Chiefly between the Years 1859–1869 (1893), which were posthumously edited by her sister Mrs. J. A. Symonds. The texts describe in detail North’s scientific curiosity and her environmental concerns, but her compassion rarely extends to the indigenous people she encounters. Thus, while she should be commended for her remarkable achievements as a Victorian woman, we must take into account her imperial attitude and the colonial ideology to which she contributed.
Marianne North was born in...
KeywordsAutobiography Botanical art British Empire Colonialism Elizabeth Gaskell W. Botting Hemsley James Fergusson Sir Joseph Hooker Sir William Hooker Edward Lear Imperialism Life writing Marianne North Memoir North Gallery Natural sciences Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Sir Edward Sabine John Addington Symonds Catherine Symonds Scientific imperialism Travel writing
- Brockway, Lucile H. 2002. Science and colonial expansion: The role of the British Royal Botanic Gardens. London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Hooker, Joseph. 1882. Preface. In Official guide to the North Gallery, ed. William B. Helmsley, 5th ed. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode.Google Scholar
- Morgan, Susan. 1993. Introduction. In Recollections of a happy life: Being the autobiography of Marianne North, xi–xxxix. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.Google Scholar
- North, Marianne. 1892. In Recollections of a happy life: Being the autobiography of Marianne North, ed. John Addington Symonds. London: Macmillan and Co.Google Scholar
- ———. 1893. Some further recollections of a happy life: Selected from the Journals of Marianne North Chiefly between the Years 1859–1869.Google Scholar
- Ponsonby, Laura. 1990. Marianne North at Kew gardens. Exeter: Webb and Bower.Google Scholar
- Symonds, Mrs John Addington, Preface, Some Further Recollections of a Happy Life: Selected from the Journals of Marianne North, 1893. London: Macmillan and Co.Google Scholar
- The Athenaeum. 1892. Review of recollections of a happy life: Being the autobiography of Marianne North. London (3357): 269–270.Google Scholar