Advertisement

Organizational Spiritual Maturity (OSM): The Root of Workplace Well-Being

  • Adam S. FreerEmail author
  • Peter J. Robertson
Living reference work entry
  • 20 Downloads

Abstract

Creating sustainable workplace well-being (WWB) requires recognizing and addressing the root causes of WWB. This chapter argues that WWB is rooted in organizational spiritual maturity (OSM) and that organizations with greater OSM will naturally have greater WWB and vice versa. Further, it is argued that many inhibitors of WWB cannot be fully addressed without addressing the spiritual roots of problems by increasing OSM. Increasing OSM has the dual effect of increasing the desired positive aspects of WWB and reducing the factors that inhibit WWB. After, clarifying the concepts, the arguments are made in successive claims. This is followed by actions that can be taken to assess and increase OSM.

References

  1. Adams GB, Balfour DL (2012) The dynamics of administrative evil in organizations. In: Jurkiewicz L (ed) Foundations of organizational evil. ME Sharpe, Armonk, pp 16–30Google Scholar
  2. Adams GB, Balfour DL (2015) Unmasking administrative evil, 4th edn. ME Sharpe, ArmonkGoogle Scholar
  3. Agrawal RK (2013) Spiritual integrity: building blocks for ethics and humanism. In: Amann W, Stachowicz-Stanusch A (eds) Integrity in organizations: building the foundations for humanistic management. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp 289–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ajmal M, Lodhi SA (2015) Exploring organizational consciousness: a critical approach towards organizational behavior. Pak J Commerce Soc Sci 9(1):202–217Google Scholar
  5. Bakan J (2004) The corporation: the pathological pursuit of profit and power. Free Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Barrett R (1998) Liberating the corporate soul: building a visionary organization. Butterworth-Heinemann, BostonGoogle Scholar
  7. Barrett R (2009) Liberating the corporate soul: building a high-performance, values-driven organization. In: Marques J, Dhiman S, King R (eds) The workplace and spirituality: new perspectives on research and practice. Skylight Paths, Woodstock, pp 143–156Google Scholar
  8. Biberman J (2009) What makes an organization spiritual? Applied spirituality in organizational structure, design, processes, and practices. In: Marques J, Dhiman S, King R (eds) The workplace and spirituality: new perspectives on research and practice. Skylight Paths, Woodstock, pp 143–156Google Scholar
  9. Bohm D (1980) Wholeness and the implicate order. Routledge & Kegan Paul, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. Boulding KE (1956) General systems theory: the skeleton of science. Manag Sci 2(3):197–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Broekstra G, de Blot P (2011) Deep leadership and spirit-driven business organizations. In: Bouckaert L, Zsolnai L (eds) The Palgrave handbook of spirituality and business. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp 295–304Google Scholar
  12. Brown RB (2003) Organizational spirituality: the sceptic’s version. Organization 10(2):393–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Capra F, Luisi PL (2014) The systems view of life: a unifying vision. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ferguson J, Milliman J (2008) Creating effective core organizational values: a spiritual leadership approach. Int J Pub Adm 31(4):439–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Freer AS (2017) Organizational Spiritual Maturity (OSM). Dissertation presented to the Faculty of the USC Sol Price School of Public Policy. University of Southern California in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Planning, Policy and Development (DPPD)Google Scholar
  16. Freer AS, Robertson PJ (2019) Organizational spiritual maturity: a goal of positive leaders and direction for change. Unpublished ManuscriptGoogle Scholar
  17. Garsten C, Nyqvist A (eds) (2013) Organisational anthropology: doing ethnography in and among complex organisations. Pluto Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Goodpaster KE, Maines TD, Weimerskirch AM (2004) A Baldrige process for ethics? Sci Eng Ethics 10(2):243–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Guerreiro Ramos A (1981) The new science of organizations: a reconceptualization of the wealth of nations. University of Toronto Press, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  20. Hammond D (2002) Exploring the genealogy of systems thinking. Sys Res Behav Sci 19(5):429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Harder J, Robertson PJ, Woodward H (2004) The spirit of the new workplace: breathing life into organizations. Org Dev J 22(2):79–103Google Scholar
  22. Hatch MJ (2011) Organizations: a very short introduction. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hendricks KT, Hendricks CG (2003) Operational integrity: the gateway to workplace harmony and velocity. In: Giacalone RA, Jurkiewicz CL (eds) Handbook of workplace spirituality & organizational performance, 1st edn. ME Sharpe, Armonk, pp 429–446Google Scholar
  24. Howard S (2002) A spiritual perspective on learning in the workplace. J Manag Psychol 17(3):230–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jarden RJ, Sandham M, Siegert RJ, Koziol-McLain J (2018) Intensive care nurse conceptions of well-being: a prototype analysis. Nursing in Critical Care 23(6):324–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Johnson CE (2009) Spirituality and ethical leadership: moral persons and moral managers. In: Marques J, Dhiman S, King R (eds) The workplace and spirituality: new perspectives on research and practice. Skylight Paths, Woodstock, pp 75–86Google Scholar
  27. Laine P, Rinne R (2015) Developing wellbeing at work: emerging dilemmas. Intl J Wellbeing 5:91– 108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Laloux F (2014) Reinventing organizations: a guide to creating organizations inspired by the next stage of human consciousness. Nelson Parker, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  29. Linstead S, Maréchal G, Griffin RW (2014) Theorizing and researching the dark side of organization. Org Stud 35(2):165–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Liu CH, Robertson PJ (2011) Spirituality in the workplace: theory and measurement. J Manag Inq 20(1):35–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. MacKenzie C (2014) Uncloaking the dark side of organizational behaviour: exploring organizational dysfunction in financial institutions in Ireland, the UK and the US. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation. University of Limerick, Limerick. https://ulir.ul.ie/handle/10344/4248. Accessed 15 July 2019
  32. MacKenzie C, Garavan TN, Carbery R (2011) Understanding and preventing dysfunctional behavior in organizations conceptualizing the contribution of human resource development. HR Dev Rev 10(4):346–380Google Scholar
  33. McMichael JF (2009) Beyond the bottom line: spiritual principles for successful performance. In: Marques J, Dhiman S, King R (eds) The workplace and spirituality: new perspectives on research and practice. Skylight Paths, Woodstock, pp 157–175Google Scholar
  34. Meadows DH (2008) Thinking in systems: a primer. Chelsea Green, White River JunctionGoogle Scholar
  35. Miller JG (1978) Living systems. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  36. Mitroff II, Denton EA (1999) A spiritual audit of corporate America: a hard look at spirituality, religion, and values in the workplace. Jossey-Bass, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  37. Mone E, Eisinger C, Guggenheim K, Price B, Stine C (2011) Performance management at the wheel: driving employee engagement in organizations. J Bus Psychol 26(2):205–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Neal J (2013) Creating enlightened organizations: four gateways to spirit at work. Palgrave Macmillan, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pearson CM, Porath CL (2005) On the nature, consequences and remedies of workplace incivility: no time for “nice”? Think again. Acad Manag Exec 19(1):7–18Google Scholar
  40. Porter TH, Norris SE (2013) Workplace spirituality: a best practice toward organizational integrity. In: Amann W, Stachowicz-Stanusch A (eds) Integrity in organizations: building the foundations for humanistic management. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp 429–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Pruzan P (2001) The question of organizational consciousness: can organizations have values, virtues and visions? J Bus Ethics 29(3):271–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Rose-Ackerman S, Palifka BJ (2016) Corruption and government: causes, consequences, and reform, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Saks AM (2006) Antecedents and consequences of employee engagement. J Manag Psychol 21(7):600–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Schulte PA, Guerin RJ, Schill AL, Bhattacharya A, Cunningham TR, Pandalai SP, Eggerth D, Stephenson CM (2015) Considerations for incorporating “wellbeing” in public policy for workers and workplaces. Am J Pub Health 105(8):E31–E44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Shuck MB, Rocco TS, Albornoz CA (2011) Exploring employee engagement from the employee perspective: implications for HRD. J Eur Ind Train 35(4):300–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Skyttner L (2005) General systems theory: problems, perspectives, practice, 2nd edn. World Scientific, HackensackGoogle Scholar
  47. Sridhar BS, Camburn A (1993) Stages of moral development of corporations. J Bus Eth 12(9):727–739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Tracy L (1989) The living organization: systems of behavior. Praeger, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  49. Vasconcelos AF (2011) Pursuing organizational spirituality: some lessons from a financial services corporation. Manag Mark 6(3):365–392Google Scholar
  50. Vince R, Mazen A (2014) Violent innocence: a contradiction at the heart of leadership. Org Stud 35(2):189–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Werhane PH (2008) Corporate social responsibility, corporate moral responsibility, and systems thinking: is there a difference and the difference it makes. In: Flynn G (ed) Leadership and business ethics. Springer, Dublin, pp 269–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wheatley MJ (2006) Leadership and the new science: discovering order in a chaotic world. Berrett-Koehler, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health, Housing and Human ServicesClackamas CountyUSA
  2. 2.USC Price School of Public PolicyLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations