Advertisement

Minority Language Communities and the Web in Italy

  • Teresa GrazianoEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter aims at evaluating in a critical way the potentialities provided by the Web in terms of identity community building, (self) representation, and interconnections for minority language communities through the analysis of two case studies: the Ladin and the Arbëreshë communities in Italy. Although deeply rooted in the theoretical framework at the intersection between information geography and geography of languages, the epistemological frame opens up to an interdisciplinary perspective that cannot disregard linguistics and media studies. From the empirical standpoint, the study is based on a twofold methodology to evaluate online connections in minority language communities in order to deepen patterns and practices of self-representation through the Web. Apart from textual and contents analysis, the methodology implies the study of connections among websites, blogs, and in social network pages through some specific open access tools able to spatialize the patterns of interaction within the selected communities.

Keywords

Identity Community Minority language Internet Social media Website analysis Social network analysis Italy 

References

  1. Barbina, G. (2004). La Geografia delle lingue. Roma: Carocci.Google Scholar
  2. Batty, M. (1993). The geography of cyberspace. Environment and Planning B, 20, 615–616.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Batty, M. (1997). Virtual geography. Futures, 29, 337–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Batty, M., & Miller, H. J. (2000). Representing and visualising physical, virtual and hybrid information of place. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 34, 466–482.Google Scholar
  5. Bonasera, F. (1985). La Sicilia albanese. Bollettino della Società Geografica Italiana, 2, 309–320.Google Scholar
  6. Bonora, P. (Ed.). (2007). Comcities. Bologna: Baskerville.Google Scholar
  7. Breton, R. J.-L. (1976). Géographie des langues. Paris: PUF.Google Scholar
  8. Brunn, S. D. (1998a). The “internet” as “the new world” of geography: Speed, structure, volume, and humility. GeoJournal, 45(1–2), 5–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brunn, S. D. (1998b). A treaty of silicon for the treaty of Westphalia. Geopolitics, 3(1), 107–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Census. (2011). South Tyrol in Figures. Declaration of language group affiliation – Population Census 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2016, from www.provinz.bz.it/astat
  11. Cunliffe, D. (2007). Minority languages and the internet: New threats, new opportunities. In M. Cormack & N. Hourigan (Eds.), Minority language media: Concepts, critiques and case studies (pp. 133–150). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cunliffe, D., Morris, D., & Prys, C. (2013a). Investigating the differential use of welsh in young speaker’s social networks: A comparison of communication in face-to-face settings in electronic texts and on social networking sites. In E. H. G. Jones & E. Uribe-Jongbloed (Eds.), Social media and minority languages: Convergence and the creative industries (pp. 75–86). Bristol: Multilingual matters.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cunliffe, D., Morris, D., & Prys, C. (2013b). Young bilinguals’ language behaviour in social networking sites: The use of Welsh on Facebook. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 18, 339–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dodge, M. (1999). Measuring and mapping the geographies of cyberspace: A research note. Netcom, 1–2, 53–66.Google Scholar
  15. Dodge, M., & Kitchin, R. (2001). Mapping cyberspace. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Eisenlohr, P. (2004). Language revitalization and new technologies: Cultures of electronic mediation and the refiguring of communities. Annual Review of Anthropology, 33, 21–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ellison, N., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook ‘friends:’ Social capital and college students’ use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 12(4), 1143–1168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Graham, S. (1998). The end of geography or the explosion of place? Conceptualizing space, place and information technology. Progress in Human Geography, 22, 165–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Graham, S., & Marvin, S. (2001). Splintering urbanism: Networked infrastructures, technological mobilities, and the urban condition. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Grassi, C. (1976). Deculturization and social degradation of the linguistic minorities in Italy. Linguistics, 191, 45–54.Google Scholar
  21. Graziano, T. (2012). The Tunisian diaspora: Between ‘digital riots’ and web activism. Journal of Social Science Information, 51(4), 535–551.Google Scholar
  22. Harrison, D. (2007). When languages die. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hourigan, N. (2004). Escaping the global village: Media, language and protest. Lanham: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  24. Jones, M. C. (2014). Endangered languages and new technologies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jones, E. H. G., & Uribe-Jongbloed, E. (2013). Social media and minority languages: Convergence and the creative industries. Bristol: Multilingual matters.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kellerman, A. (2002). The internet on earth: A geography of information. London/New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  27. Kellerman, A. (2007). Cyberspace classification and cognition: Information and communications cyberspaces. Journal of Urban Technology, 14, 5–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Krauss, M. (1992). The world’s languages in crisis. Language, 68(1), 4–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lanza, E., & Svendsen, B. A. (2007). Tell me who your friends are and I might be able to tell you what language(s) you speak: Social network analysis, multilingualism, and identity. International Journal of Bilingualism, 11(3), 275–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lewis, P. M. (Ed.). (2009). Ethnologue: Languages of the world. Dallas: SIL International.Google Scholar
  31. May, S. (2012). Language and minority rights. Ethnicity, nationalism and the politics of language. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  32. Möller, C. (2013). New technology, minorities and internet governance. Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe, 12(4), 16–33.Google Scholar
  33. Möller, C. Stone, M. (2013) Social media guidebook. Vienna: OSCE, Retrieved: May 30, 2016, from www.osce.org/fom/99563
  34. Mounin, G. (1968). Clefs pour la linguistique. Paris: Seghers.Google Scholar
  35. Palagiano, C. (2009). La Geografia delle Lingue in Europa. Napoli: Scriptaweb.Google Scholar
  36. Paradiso, M. (2003). Geography, planning and the internet: Introductory remarks, networks and communication studies. Netcom, 17(3–4), 129–138.Google Scholar
  37. Paradiso, M. (2011). Google and the internet: A mega-project nesting within another mega-project. In S. D. Brunn (Ed.), Engineering earth. The impacts of mega engineering projects (pp. 49–65). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  38. Paradiso, M., & Wilson, M. (2006). The role of place in the information age: ICT use and knowledge creation. Introductory remarks. Netcom, 20(1–2), 5–7.Google Scholar
  39. Parmegiani, R. (1962). L’Albania Salentina. Bollettino Società Geografica Italiana, 3, 397–408.Google Scholar
  40. Pew Research Center. (2013). Minorities rush to Twitter, Instagram, Smartphones, Retrieved: May 15, 2016 from http://www.pewinternet.org/Media-Mentions/2013/Minorities-rush-to-Twitter-Instagram-smartphones.aspx
  41. Raffestin, C. (1983). Geographie du pouvoir. Paris: Litec.Google Scholar
  42. Rieder, B. (2013). Studying Facebook via data extraction: The Netvizz Application. WebSci ’13, 5th Annual ACM web science conference, Paris, 2–4, 346–355.Google Scholar
  43. Roche, E. M., & Bakis, H. (1997). Cyberspace: The emerging nervous system of global society and its spatial functions. In E. M. Roche & H. Bakis (Eds.), Developments in telecommunications: Between global and local (pp. 1–122). Aldershot: Avebury.Google Scholar
  44. Russo Krauss, D. (2010). Le lingue: una prospettiva geografica. Carocci: Roma.Google Scholar
  45. Toso, F. (n.d.). Quante e quali minoranze in Italia, Lingua Italiana. Treccani. http://www.treccani.it/lingua_italiana/speciali/minoranze/Toso_quali_quante.html. Accessed 20 May 2016.
  46. Toso, F. (2006). Lingue d’Europa. La pluralità linguistica dei Paesi europei fra passato e presente. Milano: Baldini Castoldi Dalai.Google Scholar
  47. Toso, F. (2008). Le minoranze linguistiche in Italia. Bologna: il Mulino.Google Scholar
  48. Toso, F. (2011). Minoranze linguistiche. Enciclopedia dell’Italiano, Treccani, http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/minoranze-linguistiche_(Enciclopedia-dell'Italiano)/. Accessed 20 May 2016.
  49. UNESCO. (2003). Language vitality and endangerment. Report by the UNESCO Ad Hoc Expert Group on Endangered Languages. Retrieved: May, 25, 2016, from http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/doc/src/00120-EN.pdf
  50. White, P. (1991). Geographical aspects of minority language situations in Italy. In C. H. Williams (Ed.), Linguistic minorities, society, and territory (pp. 44–65). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
  51. Zook, M. A. (2005). Origins and shape of the internet. In M. A. Zook (Ed.), The geography of the internet industry venture capital, dot-coms, and local knowledge (pp. 10–23). Malden: Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CataniaCataniaItaly

Personalised recommendations