Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel Idowu, René Schmidpeter, Nicholas Capaldi, Liangrong Zu, Mara Del Baldo, Rute Abreu

Sustainable Events

  • Cecilia ChirieleisonEmail author
  • Francesco Rizzi
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02006-4_136-1
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

Sustainable events are managed with the aim of contributing to sustainable development through promoting inter- and intragenerational equity (Getz, J Policy Res Tourism Leis Events 1(1):61–78, 2009; Hall, Event Manag 16(2):119–131, 2012; Smith-Christensen C (2009) Sustainability as a concept within events. In: Raj R, Musgrave J (eds) Event management and sustainability. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, pp 22–31). The main objective of event sustainability is to maximize benefits while minimizing negative impacts, with the specific purpose of leaving a positive legacy for all stakeholders. The prevailing approach in the field of event sustainability is based on the triple bottom line framework (Elkington J (1997) Cannibals with forks: The triple bottom line of 21st century business. Capston, Oxford) and takes into account the economic, socio-cultural, and environmental impacts of events (Andersson and Lundberg, Tourism Manag 37:99–109, 2013).

Regardless of event size, theme, and scope, the number of visitors has a significant impact on sustainable management practices. As the number of participants at an event increases, achieving sustainability becomes more challenging, because of the higher pressure on resources and on the local community.

While sustainability represents undoubtedly a difficult challenge for event organizers, requiring new competencies and management practices, it also presents opportunities. Indeed, event sustainability can contribute to improving reputation and legitimacy, strengthening relations with stakeholders, and even achieving cost reductions.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Andersson, T. D., & Lundberg, E. (2013). Commensurability and sustainability: Triple impact assessments of a tourism event. Tourism Management, 37, 99–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brown, S., Getz, D., Pettersson, R., & Wallstam, M. (2015). Event evaluation: Definitions, concepts and a state of the art review. International Journal of Event and Festival Management, 6(2), 135–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burgan, B., & Mules, T. (2001). Reconciling cost – Benefit and economic impact assessment for event tourism. Tourism Economics, 7(4), 321–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chirieleison, C., & Montrone, A. (2013). Evaluating local government costs and revenues: The case of an Italian privately owned for-profit event. Tourism Management Perspectives, 8, 90–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chirieleison, C., & Scrucca, L. (2017). Event sustainability and transportation policy: A model-based cluster analysis for a cross-comparison of hallmark events. Tourism Management Perspectives, 24, 72–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chirieleison, C., Montrone, A., & Scrucca, L. (2020). Event sustainability and sustainable transportation: A positive reciprocal influence. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 28(2), 240–262.Google Scholar
  7. Collins, A., & Cooper, C. (2017). Measuring and managing the environmental impact of festivals: The contribution of the ecological footprint. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25(1), 148–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Collins, A., Jones, C., & Munday, M. (2009). Assessing the environmental impacts of mega sporting events: Two options? Tourism Management, 30(6), 828–837.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Delamere, T. A., Wankel, L. M., & Hinch, T. D. (2001). Development of a scale to measure resident attitudes toward the social impacts of community festivals, Part 1: Item generation and purification of the measure. Event Management, 7, 11–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Elkington, J. (1997). Cannibals with forks: the triple bottom line of 21st century business. Oxford: Capston.Google Scholar
  11. Fredline, L., Jago, L., & Deery, M. (2003). The development of a generic scale to measure the social impacts of events. Event Management, 8(1), 23–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Getz, D. (2009). Policy for sustainable and responsible festivals and events: Institutionalization of a new paradigm. Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events, 1(1), 61–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Getz, D., & Andersson, T. D. (2008). Sustainable festivals: On becoming an institution. Event Management, 12(1), 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hall, C. M. (2012). Sustainable mega-events: Beyond the myth of balanced approaches to mega-event sustainability. Event Management, 16(2), 119–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Holmes, K., Hughes, M., Mair, J., & Carlsen, J. (2015). Events and sustainability. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Kim, W., Jun, H. M., Walker, M., & Drane, D. (2015). Evaluating the perceived social impacts of hosting large-scale sport tourism events: Scale development and validation. Tourism Management, 48, 21–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Laing, J., & Frost, W. (2010). How green was my festival: Exploring challenges and opportunities associated with staging green events. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 29(2), 261–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mair, J., & Jago, L. (2010). The development of a conceptual model of greening in the business events tourism sector. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 18(1), 77–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mair, J., & Laing, J. H. (2013). Encouraging pro-environmental behaviour: The role of sustainability-focused events. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21(8), 1113–1128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. O’Sullivan, D., & Jackson, M. J. (2002). Festival tourism: A contributor to sustainable local economic development? Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10(4), 325–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Raj, R., & Musgrave, J. (Eds.). (2009). Event management and sustainability. Wallingford: CABI Publishing.Google Scholar
  22. Small, K. (2007). Social dimensions of community festivals: An application of factor analysis in the development of the social impact perception (SIP) scale. Event Management, 11(1–2), 45–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Smith-Christensen, C. (2009). Sustainability as a concept within events. In R. Raj & J. Musgrave (Eds.), Event management and sustainability (pp. 22–31). Wallingford: CABI Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Tölkes, C., & Butzmann, E. (2018). Motivating pro-sustainable behavior: The potential of green events – A case-study from the Munich Streetlife Festival. Sustainability, 10(10), 3731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Triantafyllidis, S., Ries, R., & Kaplanidou, K. (2018). Carbon dioxide emissions of spectators’ transportation in collegiate sporting events: Comparing on-campus and off-campus stadium locations. Sustainability, 10(1), 241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Website Citations

  1. https://www.bsigroup.com. Accessed 1 Mar 2019.
  2. https://www.globalreporting.org. Accessed 1 Mar 2019.
  3. https://www.iso.org/home.html. Accessed 1 Mar 2019.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ivana Mijatovic
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Quality Management and StandardizationUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Organizational SciencesBelgradeSerbia