Contemplating Philosophy of Education

A Canadian West Coast Perspective
  • Heesoon BaiEmail author
  • Muga Miyakawa
  • Timothy Tiryaki
  • Meena Mangat
Living reference work entry
Part of the Springer International Handbooks of Education book series (SIHE)


Starting with an assertion that philosophy’s prerogative is to propose alternative worldviews and values, in addition to the basic interpretation of philosophy as an inquiry into the myriad dimensions of human experience, this paper proffers a view of education that centers the cultivation of a more balanced and integrated humanity in resistance to the increasing instrumental forces in modern societies that fragment, alienate, and therefore dehumanize. Distinguishing between education (primarily concerned with the human being) and instruction (primarily concerned with the human having), this paper is primarily concerned with education, and it proposes a contemplative mode of intersubjective relationality between the self and self-other. A variety of critical observational and interpretive notes are offered on major concepts that animate contemporary discourses in education, such as dualisms, imbalance and fragmentation, dislocation and alienation, progress, and existential crisis, all refracted through the prism of the most recent contemplative turn in education. The chapter ends with a curated dialogue among the four authors of this chapter, all of whom share how they have come to situate themselves in the intersection of philosophy of education and contemplative inquiry and how they see the nature of contribution that the latter makes to the former.


Philosophy of education Contemplative turn Contemplative inquiry Contemplative pedagogy Contemplative leadership Contemplative practices Mindfulness Ethics Cultural transformation Holistic education Contemplative education 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heesoon Bai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muga Miyakawa
    • 1
  • Timothy Tiryaki
    • 1
  • Meena Mangat
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EducationSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada

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