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Application of MEG in Understanding the Development of Executive and Social Cognitive Functions

  • Margot J. TaylorEmail author
  • Charline Urbain
  • Elizabeth W. Pang
Reference work entry

Abstract

Human social and executive functions are complex and known to follow a prolonged developmental course from childhood through to early adulthood. These processes rely on the integrity and maturity of distributed neural regions, which also show protracted maturation. MEG is the ideal modality to determine the development of these intricate and multifaceted cognitive abilities; its exquisite temporal and spatial resolution allows investigators to track the age-related changes in both neural timing and location. The challenge for MEG has been twofold: to develop appropriate tasks to capture the neurodevelopmental trajectory of these functions and to develop appropriate analysis strategies that can capture the subtle, often rapid, cognitive processes, involving frontal lobe activity. In this chapter, we review MEG research on executive, social, and cognitive functions in typically developing children and clinical groups. The studies include the examination of working memory, mental flexibility, facial emotional processing and inhibition, and theory of mind. We end with a discussion on the challenges of testing young children in the MEG environment and the development of age-appropriate technologies and paradigms.

Keywords

Social cognition Development ASD Very preterm Working memory Mental flexibility Emotional face processing Emotional regulation Theory of mind 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margot J. Taylor
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Charline Urbain
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Elizabeth W. Pang
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Diagnostic ImagingUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Neuroscience and Mental Health ProgrammeUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.UR2NF—Neuropsychology and Functional Neuroimaging Research GroupCenter for Research in Cognition and Neurosciences (CRCN) and ULB Neurosciences Institute, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)BrusselsBelgium
  4. 4.Neurology, The Hospital for Sick ChildrenUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Julia M. Stephen
    • 1
  1. 1.The Mind Research NetworkAlbuquerqueUSA

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