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Benign Focal Seizures of Adolescence

  • Roberto H. Caraballo
  • Giuseppe Capovilla
  • Antonino Romeo
Reference work entry

Introduction

Benign focal seizures of adolescence (BFSA) are characterized by simple focal motor and somatosensory seizures with secondary generalization occurring isolated or in a cluster in the first 24–48 h after onset. The seizures occur predominantly when the patient is awake and have a benign course. The interictal EEG, neurological examination, and neuroradiological images are normal and a family history of epilepsy is rare (Loiseau and Orgogozo 1978; Loiseau et al. 2002).

According to Loiseau and Louiset (1992), one quarter of focal seizures (single or in a cluster of up to five seizures over 36 h, never to occur again) with an onset between 12 and 18 years of age, have a benign course. BFSA may account for between 7.5 and 22% of patients having simple focal seizures in the second decade of life (Panayiotopoulos 1996, 2005; King et al. 1999). However, no population-based studies have been conducted to date to support this data. Around 200 cases have been described...

List of Abbreviations

BFSA

Benign focal seizures of adolescence

References

  1. Capovilla G, Gambardella A, Romeo A et al. (2001) Benign partial epilepsies of adolescence: a report of 37 new cases. Epilepsia 42:1549–1552CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Caraballo R, Galicchio S, Grañana N, Cersosimo R, Fejerman N (1999) Convulsiones parciales benignas de la adolescencia. Rev Neurol (Barc) 28:669–671Google Scholar
  3. Caraballo R, Cersósimo R, Fejerman N (2004) Benign focal seizures of adolescents: a prospective study. Epilepsia 45:1600–1603CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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  8. Loiseau P, Jallon P, Wolf P (2002) Isolated partial seizures of adolescence. In: Roger J, Bureau M, Dravet C et al. (eds) Epileptic syndromes in infancy, childhood and adolescence, 3rd edn. John Libbey Eurotext, London, pp 327–330Google Scholar
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  11. Romeo A, Chifari R, Capovilla G et al. (2008) Ictal impending danger – “sixth sense seizures” – in patients with benign focal epileptic seizures of adolescence. Epilepsy Res 79:90–96CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto H. Caraballo
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Capovilla
    • 2
  • Antonino Romeo
    • 3
  1. 1.Neurology DepartmentHospital de Pediatría “Prof. Dr. Juan P Garrahan”Buenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Child Neuropsichiatry DepartmentEpilepsy Center, Carlo Poma HospitalMantovaItalia
  3. 3.Child Neuropsychiatry and Neurophysiology, Epilepsy Center “Fatebenefratelli e Oftalmico” HospitalMilanoItaly

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