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Autonomous Driving in the Framework of Three-Phase Traffic Theory

  • Boris S. KernerEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science Series book series (ECSSS)

Glossary

Autonomous Driving

An autonomous driving vehicle is a self-driving vehicle that can move without a driver. Autonomous driving is realized through the use of an automated system in a vehicle: The automated system has control over the vehicle in traffic flow. For this reason, autonomous driving vehicle is often also called automated driving (or automatic driving) vehicle.

Autonomous Driving in Framework of Three-Phase Traffic Theory

An autonomous driving in the framework of the three-phase traffic theory is the autonomous driving for which there is no fixed time headway to the preceding vehicle. This means the existence of an indifference zone in car-following for the autonomous driving vehicle.

Bottleneck

Traffic breakdown occurs mostly at road bottlenecks. A road bottleneck can be a result of roadworks, on- and off-ramps, a decrease in the number of freeway lanes, road curves and road gradients, traffic signal, etc.

Main Prediction of Three-Phase Traffic Theory

The main...

Notes

Acknowledgments

I would like to thank Sergey Klenov for the help and useful suggestions. We thank our partners for their support in the project “MEC-View – Object detection for autonomous driving based on Mobile Edge Computing,” funded by the German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physics of Transport and TrafficUniversity Duisburg-EssenDuisburgGermany

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