Crop Science pp 159-184 | Cite as

Crop Responses to Nitrogen

  • Gilles LemaireEmail author
  • François Gastal
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)


Critical crop N uptake

Critical crop N uptake is defined as the minimum crop nitrogen uptake for achieving maximum crop mass.

Critical plant N concentration

Critical plant N concentration is defined as the minimum plant nitrogen concentration of a crop corresponding to its maximum crop mass.

Harvest index (HI)

Harvest index (HI) is the ratio between harvested biomass Y (grains, tubers) and aboveground crop mass Wat crop maturity.

Intercepted photosynthetic active radiation (IPAR)

Intercepted photosynthetic active radiation (IPAR) is the proportion of the incident PAR which is intercepted by the crop at a given time. This proportion is related to the size of the canopy, the leaf area index, and depends also on canopy structure: leaf angle and geometry.

Leaf area index (LAI)

Leaf area index (LAI) is the total canopy leaf area of a crop per unit of soil area. LAI allows the estimation of the proportion of the incident light which is intercepted by the canopy and then which can be...


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UE, FERLUS, INRALusignanFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roxana Savin
    • 1
  • Gustavo Slafer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Forest Sciences and AGROTECNIO, (Center for Research in Agrotechnology)University of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Forest SciencesUniversity of LleidaLleidaSpain

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