Crop Development Related to Temperature and Photoperiod

  • Gregory S. McMasterEmail author
  • Marc Moragues
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)


Base temperature

Lower temperature threshold below which development ceases.


Genetic information other than DNA sequence information.


Study of the sequence of developmental stages of a plant and how it relates to climate.

Photoperiod sensitivity

Requirement for a minimum (or maximum) day length for reproductive phase induction.


Rate of appearance of leaves on a shoot.


Fundamental building block of plant canopies. A vegetative phytomer is comprised of leaf, node, internode, and axillary bud.


A plant structure resembling a leaf (as a bracteole) or consisting of a modified or rudimentary leaf (as a foliar primordium).

Shoot apex

The tip of the shoot where usually there is meristematic tissue producing new organs.

Thermal time

Temperature response curve used to estimate development rate.

Vernalization sensitivity

Requirement for a period of low temperatures for reproductive induction.

Definition of the Subject

Plant development,...


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.USDA-ARS, Water Management and Systems Research UnitFort CollinsUSA
  2. 2.Colorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roxana Savin
    • 1
  • Gustavo Slafer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Forest Sciences and AGROTECNIO, (Center for Research in Agrotechnology)University of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Forest SciencesUniversity of LleidaLleidaSpain

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