Crop Science pp 131-157 | Cite as

Crop Responses to Available Soil Water

  • O. Zarrouk
  • A. Fortunato
  • M. M. ChavesEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)


Dehydration avoidance

is the strategy of the plants that are able to maintain tissue water potential as long (and as high) as possible under drought conditions.

Dehydration tolerance

is the strategy of the plants that are able to cope with severe tissue dehydration.

Harvest index

is the biomass of the harvested product expressed as a percentage of the total crop biomass.


is the energy-storing carbohydrates produced by photosynthesis in the green tissues of the plants.

Water use efficiency (WUE)

is the carbon gain (or biomass formed) per unit of water transpired or the ratio between photosynthesis (A) and stomatal conductance (gs), termed as intrinsic WUE.

Definition of the Subject

Sustainable intensification of global agriculture is a major purpose (and challenge) for twenty-first century scientific, social, and political communities, in order to guarantee food security, while preserving natural resources. Fast growing population and climate change could lead...


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plant Molecular Ecophysiology Laboratory (LEM), Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica António Xavier (ITQB NOVA)Universidade NOVA de LisboaOeirasPortugal
  2. 2.Instituto Superior de AgronomiaUniversidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roxana Savin
    • 1
  • Gustavo Slafer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Forest Sciences and AGROTECNIO, (Center for Research in Agrotechnology)University of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Forest SciencesUniversity of LleidaLleidaSpain

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