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Crop Science pp 229-244 | Cite as

Sustainable Productivity, Heat Tolerance for

  • Anthony E. HallEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)

Glossary

C 3 photosynthetic system

In which the enzyme rubisco is responsible for the initial fixation of carbon dioxide. All tree and vine crops, all cool-season-adapted annual crops, and most warm-season-adapted annual crops have this photosynthetic system.

C 4 photosynthetic system

In which the enzyme PEP carboxylase is responsible for the initial fixation of carbon dioxide. A few tropical grasses (e.g., maize, sorghum, pearl millet, and sugarcane) and a very few warm-season-adapted herbaceous dicotyledonous crops (e.g., grain amaranth) have this photosynthetic system.

CTD

Plant canopy temperature depression, the number of degrees Celsius the plant canopy is cooler than air temperature.

FACE

Free-air CO2 enrichment is a system for studying crop responses to elevated [CO2] under natural open-air field conditions.

Harvest index

The ratio of grain yield to total aboveground biomass at harvest.

Heat resistance

A cultivar is heat resistant if it has greater yields of economic product, such...

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Further Reading

  1. Hall AE (2000) Heat stress section in www.plantstress.com

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.QuincyUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roxana Savin
    • 1
  • Gustavo Slafer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Forest Sciences and AGROTECNIO, (Center for Research in Agrotechnology)University of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Forest SciencesUniversity of LleidaLleidaSpain

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