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WTE: Fluidized Bed Technology

  • Franz P. NeubacherEmail author
  • Qunxing Huang
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)

Glossary

Combustion

Oxidation of combustible materials at elevated temperatures.

Fluidized bed

Intensively mixed bed of solid particles by means of an upward gas flow through the bed that keeps the particles in motion, somewhat like bubbling of gas through a liquid bath.

Definition of the Subject and Its Importance

Natural resources are often simply differentiated in “renewable” (i.e., plant and animal life) and “nonrenewable” (i.e., minerals and fossil fuels). Efficient use of both renewable and nonrenewable resources is vital for sustainability and the future quality of life on earth. Energy recovery from used materials, also called waste-to-energy, is complementary to material recovery (i.e., recycling). Currently, about 90% of all presently consumed fossil fuels go directly to combustion and the generation of electricity or mechanical energy. The rest is used to produce plastics and other synthetic materials.

There are two major combustion technologies for recovering energy from...

Bibliography

  1. 1.
    Werther J (1992) Fluidized bed reactors. In: Ullmann’s encyclopedia of industrial chemistry, vol B4. VCH PublishersGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stubenvoll J et al (2002) Stand der Technik bei Abfallverbrennungsanlagen, Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management, A-1010 ViennaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cheng H, Zhang Y, Meng A, Li Q (2007) Municipal solid waste fueled power generation in China: a casestudy of waste-to-energy in Changchun City Li. Environ Sci Technol 41:7509–7515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Seliger A, Steiner C (2004) Waste gasification in practice: TwinRec fluidized bed gasification and ash melting – review of four years of plant operation. In: IT3’04 conference, 10–14 May, Phoenix, ArizonaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UV and P Environmental Management and Engineering (T.U. Graz) M.S. Technology and Policy (M.I.T)ViennaAustria
  2. 2.The Institute for Thermal Power EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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