Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Recycling Collection and Material Separation

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_115-3

Glossary

Source reduction

Source reduction is the reduction of materials coming into the system. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines source reduction as “activities designed to reduce the volume or toxicity of waste generated, including the design and manufacture of products with minimum toxic content, minimum volume of material, and/or a longer useful life.” The two interesting components of this definition are volume and toxicity. This means that an organization does not have to solely focus on reducing volumes for source reduction initiatives but could focus efforts on reducing the negative impacts on the environment of those same volumes. This may mean a reduction of pallets entering a building or of flash being generated from a mold.

Reuse

Reuse is the actual reuse of a material in its present form. Some examples are printing draft copies on the backside of previously used paper, using incoming pallets as outgoing pallets, or using incoming boxes as collection...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering DepartmentUniversity of ToledoToledoUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • A. C. (Thanos) Bourtsalas
    • 1
  • Nickolas J. Themelis
    • 2
  1. 1.Earth Engineering Center, Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Earth and Environmental EngineeringColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA