Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Agronomic Interactions with CO2 Sequestration

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_104-3

Glossary

Carbon sequestration

Transfer of atmospheric CO2 into long-lived reservoirs

Mean residence time

The duration during which CO2-C resides in a specific pool

Soil health

Capacity of a soil to function as a living ecosystem and create ecosystem services

Soil quality

Capacity of a soil to perform ecosystem services

Definition of the Subject

Atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) can be stabilized and reduced by off-setting anthropogenic emissions, sequestering emissions, or both. Emission reduction implies identifying and using no-carbon (C) or low-C energy sources as alternative to fossil fuel (i.e., wind, solar, hydro, geothermal, biofuels, nuclear). Reductions in gaseous emissions can also be achieved by enhancing the energy use efficiency. In agronomic systems, involving practices to raise crops and livestock, enhancing eco-efficiency implies a range of practices which increase agricultural productivity per unit input of energy-based resources (i.e., fertilizers,...

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Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Carbon Management and Sequestration CenterThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roxana Savin
    • 1
  • Gustavo Slafer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Forest Sciences and AGROTECNIO, (Center for Research in Agrotechnology)University of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Forest SciencesUniversity of LleidaLleidaSpain